Famous People Index "P"

Jonathan Selby

These pages are designed to evaluate and consider the lives of famous people and their effects upon current trends. Please scroll to the bottom of this page and discover the probable cumulative result.

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Lives of Famous People with Names Beginning with "P"

1 Paap, Willem (1856-1923) Writer, born in Winschoten, N Netherlands. Paar, Jack (Harold) (1918-2004) Television host, born in Canton, Ohio, USA. Paasikivi, Juo Kusti (1870-1956) Finnish statesman, prime minister (1918, 1944-6)... Pabst, G(eorg) W(ilhelm) (1885-1967) Film director, born in Raudnitz... Paca, William (1740-99) US governor, born near Abingdon, Maryland, USA. Pacciardi, Randolfo (1899-1991) Italian politician, born in Giuncarico, W Italy. Pacheco de Narváez, Luis (fl.1615) Spanish fencing master. The clubfooted Quevedo once disarmed him... Pachelbel, Johann (c.1653-1706) Composer and organist, born in Nuremberg, SC Germany. Pacher, Michael (c.1435-98) Painter and wood-carver, born in the Tyrol, W Austria. Pachomius, St (4th-c) Founder of communal monasticism, from Egypt. Pach, Walter (1883-1958) Painter and art historian, born in New York City, New York, USA. Pacino, Al 1940- Actor, producer, director. Born Alfredo James Pacino, on April 25... Packard, Alpheus Spring, Jr (1839-1905) Entomologist and geologist, born in Brunswick, Maine, USA. Packard, David 1912-1996 FAST FACTS BORN: September 7... Packard, James W(ard) (1863-1928) Engineer, inventor, and manufacturer, born in Warren, Ohio, USA. Packard, Vance (Oakley) (1914-96 ) Journalist and writer, born in Granville Summit, Pennsylvania, USA. Packer, Kerry (Francis Bullmore) (1937- ) Media proprietor, born in Sydney, New South Wales, SE Australia. Packer, Sir (Douglas) Frank (Hewson) (1906-74) Newspaper proprietor, born in Sydney, New South Wales, SE Australia. Pack, Robert (1929- ) Poet, born in New York City, New York, USA. Paderewski, Ignacy (Jan) (1860-1941) Pianist, composer, and patriot, born in Kurylowka, SE Poland. Padilla, Juan de (1468-c.1522) Poet, born in Sevilla, SW Spain. Padilla, Juan de (c.1490-1521) Spanish revolutionary leader and popular hero, born in Toledo... Padula, Vincenzo (1819-93) Writer, born in Acri, Calabria, S Italy. A liberal clergyman... Paemel, Monica van (1945- ) Flemish writer, born in Poesele, W Belgium. Paepcke, Walter P (1897-1960) Businessman and philanthropist, born in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Páez, José Antonio (1790-1873) Venezuelan general and president (1831-5, 1839-43, 1861-3)... Paganini, Niccolo (1782-1840) Violin virtuoso, born in Genoa, NW Italy. Page, Charles (Grafton) (1812-68) Physician and inventor, born in Salem, Massachusetts, USA. Page, Jimmy 1944- Musician. Born James Patrick Page on January 9, 1944 in Heston... Page, John (1743-1808) US representative and governor, born in Gloucester Co, Virginia, USA. Page, Oran, (1908-54) Jazz musician, born in Dallas, Texas, USA. Page, Sir Frederick Handley (1885-1962) Pioneer aircraft designer and engineer, born in Cheltenham... Page, Thomas Nelson (1853-1922) Writer and diplomat, born in Hanover Co, Virginia, USA. Paget, Sir James (1814-99) Physician and pathologist, born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, E England... Page, Walter Hines (1855-1918) Editor, publisher, and diplomat, born in Cary, North Carolina, USA. Page, William (1811-85) Painter, born in Albany, New York, USA. Pagliarani, Elio (1927- ) Poet, born in Viserba, Emilia-Romagna, E Italy. Pagnol, Marcel (1895-1974) Writer and film-maker, born in Aubagne, S France. Pahlavi, Mohammad Reza (1919-80) Shah of Persia, born in Tehran, Iran... Paige, Elaine (1951- ) Actress and singer, born in London, UK. Paige, Satchel, (1906-82) Baseball pitcher, born in Mobile, Alabama, USA. Paine, Charles Jackson (1833-1916) Yachtsman and lawyer, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Paine, John Knowles (1839-1906) Composer, born in Portland, Maine, USA. Paine, Thomas (1737-1809) Revolutionary philosopher and writer, born in Thetford, Norfolk... Pašic, Nikola (c.1846-1926) Serbian statesman, born in Zajecar, E Yugoslavia. Paisley, Bob (1919-96) Football manager, born in Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, NE England, UK. Paisley, Rev Ian (Richard Kyle) (1926- ) Militant Protestant clergyman and politician, born in Armagh... Pajou, Augustin (1730-1809) Sculptor, born in Paris, France. Palach, Jan (1948-69) Czech philosophy student. Palade, George E(mil) (1912- ) Cell biologist, born in Iasi, NE Romania

2 Palance, Jack 1920- Actor. Palandri, Enrico (1956- ) Writer, born in Venice, Veneto, NE Italy. Palazzeschi, Aldo (1885-1974) Writer, born in Florence, Tuscany, NC Italy. Palerm Vich, Angel (1917-80) Historian and ethnographer, born in Ibiza, Spain. Palés Matos, Luis (1898-1959) Poet, born in Guayama, Puerto Rico, USA. Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da (c.1525-94) Composer, born in Palestrina, WC Italy. Paley, Albert Raymond (1944- ) Metalworker, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Paley, Grace, (1922- ) Writer, born in New York City, New York, USA. Paley, William (1743-1805) Theologian, born in Peterborough, Northamptonshire, C England, UK. Paley, William S. 1901-1990 American broadcaster, founder of CBS. Born September 28, 1901... Paley, William S(amuel) (1901-91) Broadcast executive, born in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Palgrave, Francis Turner (1824-97) Poet and critic, born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, E England, UK. Palin, Michael (Edward) (1943- ) Script-writer and actor, born in Sheffield, Yorkshire, N England, UK. Palissy, Bernard (c.1510-90) Potter, born in Agen, SW France. He began as a glass-painter... Palladio, Andrea (1508-80) Architect, born in Vicenza, NE Italy. Pallas, Peter Simon (1741-1811) Naturalist, born in Berlin, Germany. After studying medicine... Pallavicino, Ferrante (1616-44) Writer, born in Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna, N Italy. Pallavicino Trivulzio, Giorgio Guido (Marquis) (1796-1878) Italian patriot, born in Milan, Lombardy, N Italy. Palma, Jacopo (c.1480-1528) Painter of the Venetian School, born in Serinalta, NE Italy. Palmen, Conny (1955- ) Novelist, born in Odiliënberg, The Netherlands. Palmer, Alexander (Mitchell) (1872-1936) Lawyer, US representative, and cabinet member, born in Moosehead... Palmer, Alice Elvira, (1855-1902) Educator, born in Colesville, New York, USA. Palmer, Arnold (Daniel) 1929- Professional golfer. Born September 10, 1929, in Youngstown... Palmer, Daniel David (1845-1913) Founder of chiropractic, born near Toronto, Canada. Palmer, Erastus Dow (1817-1904) Sculptor, born in Pompey, New York, USA. He began as a carpenter... Palmer, Geoffrey (Winston Russell) (1942- ) New Zealand prime minister (1989-90), born in Nelson, New Zealand. Palmer, George Herbert (1842-1933) Philosopher, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Palmer, John McAuley (1817-1900) US soldier and senator, born in Scott Co, Kentucky, USA. Palmer, Nathaniel Brown, (1799-1877) Explorer and sea captain, born in Stonington, Connecticut, USA. Palmer, Nettie, (1885-1964) Writer and critic, born in Bendigo, Victoria, SE Australia. Palmer, Phoebe Worrall (1807-74) Protestant evangelist, born in New York City, New York, USA. Palmer, Potter (1826-1902) Merchant and real-estate entrepreneur, born in Albany Co, New York... Palmer, R(obert) R(oswell) (1909- ) Historian, born in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Palmer, Samuel (1805-81) Landscape painter and etcher, born in London, UK. Palmerston (of Palmerston), Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount (1784-1865) British statesman and Liberal prime minister (1855-8, 1859-65)... Palmer, Vance (1885-1959) Writer and critic, born in Bundaberg, Queensland, NE Australia. Palme, (Sven) Olof (1927-86) Swedish politician and prime minister (1969-76, 1982-6)... Palm, Etta (Lubina Johanna) (1743-99) An early Dutch feminist and political double agent... Palmieri, Matteo (1406-75) Politician and scholar, born in Florence, Tuscany, NC Italy. Palm, Johannes Henricus van der (1763-1840) Writer, politician, and minister of religion, born in Rotterdam... Paltrow, Gwyneth 1972- Actress, born September 28, 1972, in Los Angeles, California. Panaetius (c.185-c.110 BC) Stoic philosopher, from Rhodes, Greece. He taught in Athens and Rome... Pananti, Filippo (1766-1837) Poet, born in Ronta del Mugello, Tuscany, Italy. Pancras, St (?-304) Christian martyr, the son of a heathen noble of Phrygia... Pancrazi, Pietro (1893-1952) Writer and literary critic, born in Cortona, Tuscany, C Italy. Pander, Christian Heinrich (1794-1865) Anatomist, the father of embryology, born in Riga, Latvia. Pandit, Vijaya Lakshmi, (1900-90) Indian diplomat, born in Allahabad, NE India, the sister of Nehru. Pandulf, Cardinal (?-1226) Papal legate, born in Rome, Italy. Paneth, Friedrich Adolf (1887-1958) Chemist, born in Vienna, Austria. He studied at Munich, Glasgow... Panhard, René (1841-1908) Engineer and inventor, a pioneer of the motor industry, born in Paris...

3 Panini (5th-7th-c BC) Grammarian, born in India. Panis, Olivier (1966- ) French racing driver. He was champion of Formula 3 in 1993. Panizzi, Sir Anthony (1797-1879) Bibliographer, born in Brescello, N Italy. An advocate by training... Pankhurst, Emmeline, (1857-1928) Suffragette, born in Manchester, Greater Manchester, NW England, UK. Pannella, Giacinto (1930- ) Italian politician, born in Teramo, Abruzzo-Molise, E Italy. Panofsky, Erwin (1892-1968) Art historian, born in Hanover, NC Germany. He studied at Berlin... Panofsky, Hans (Arnold) (1917-88) Meteorologist, born in Kassel, Germany. His father... Panofsky, Wolfgang K(urt) H(ermann) (1919- ) Physicist, born in Berlin, Germany. Panov, Valeri (1938- ) Ballet dancer, born in Vitebsk, NE Belarus. Panyella Gómez, August (1921- ) Archaeologist, born in Barcelona, NE Spain... Panzini, Alfredo (1863-1939) Writer, born in Senigallia, Marche, E Italy. Paoli, Antonio (1871-1946) Operatic tenor, born in Ponce, Puerto Rico, USA. Paolieri, Ferdinando (1878-1928) Painter, writer and playwright, born in Florence, Tuscany, NC Italy. Paolozzi, Sir Eduardo (Luigi) (1924- ) Sculptor and printmaker, born in Edinburgh, EC Scotland, UK. Papandreou, Andreas (Georgios) (1919-96) Greek politician and prime minister (1981-9), born in Chios, Greece... Papandreou, Georgios (1888-1968) Greek Republican statesman and prime minister (1944-5, 1963, 1964-5)... Papanek, Victor (1926- ) Designer and educator, born in Vienna, Austria. Papanicolaou, George (Nicholas) (1883-1962) Physiologist and microscopist, born in Kimi, Greece. Papen, Franz von (1879-1969) German politician, born in Werl, WC Germany. Papin, Denis (1647-c.1712) Physicist, born in Blois, C France. Papineau, Louis Joseph (1786-1871) French-Canadian leader, born in Montreal, Quebec, SE Canada. Papini, Giovanni (1881-1956) Writer, born in Florence, Tuscany, NC Italy. Papin, Jean-Pierre (1963- ) French football player. Papp, Joe, (1921-91) Theatre producer and director, born in New York City, New York, USA. Pappus of Alexandria (4th-c) Greek mathematician... Paracelsus (1493-1541) Alchemist and physician, born in Einsiedeln, NC Switzerland. Parbo, Sir Arvi Hillar (1926- ) Industrialist, born in Tallinn, Estonia. Parcerisa i Boada, Francesc Xavier (1803-1876) Catalan painter, illustrator, and engraver, born in Barcelona... Pardes, Herbert (1934- ) Psychiatrist and educator, born in Bronx, New York, USA. Pardo Bazán, Emilia, condesa de (Countess of) (1852-1921) Novelist, born in La Coruña, NW Spain. Pardo de Figueroa, Mariano (1828-1918) Antiquarian, born in Medina Sidonia, Cádiz., SW Spain. Pardue, Mary Lou (1933- ) Cell biologist, born in Lexington, Kentucky, USA. Paré, Ambroise (c.1510-1590) Surgeon, ‘the father of modern surgery’... Paredes, Américo (1915- ) Folklorist and educator, born in Brownsville, Texas, USA. Parer, Damien (1912-44) News photographer, born in Malvern, Melbourne, Victoria, SE Australia. Pareto, Vilfredo (1848-1923) Economist and sociologist, born in Paris, France. Brought up in Italy... Paretsky, Sara (1947- ) Writer of detective fiction, born in Ames, Iowa, USA. Parini, Giuseppe (1729-99) Writer, born in Bosisio, Lombardy, N Italy. From a poor family... Parini, Jay (Lee) (1948- ) Poet and writer, born in Pittston, Pennsylvania, USA. Parise, Goffredo (1929-86) Writer and journalist, born in Vicenza, Veneto, NE Italy. Parish, Sister, (1910-94) Interior decorator, born in Morristown, New Jersey, USA. Parker, Arthur C(aswell), (1881-1955) Seneca anthropologist and museum director, born in Cattaraugus... Parker, Bonnie 1911-1934 Outlaw, with Clyde Barrow. Barrow was born on March 24... Parker Bowles, Camilla - Longtime lover of Charles, Prince of Wales... Parker, Charlie "Yardbird" 1920-1955 Jazz musician. Born Charles Christopher Parker Jr., on August 29... Parker, Dorothy 1893-1967 Writer. Born Dorothy Rothschild, on August 22, 1893, to J.H. Parker, Horatio (William) (1863-1919) Composer and teacher, born in Auburndale, Massachusetts, USA. Parker, Isaac (1768-1830) Judge, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. A goldsmith's son... Parker, Isaac Charles (1838-96) Judge and public official, born in Belmont Co, Ohio, USA. Parker, Louis (1906-93) Electrical engineer and inventor, born in Budapest, Hungary

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4 Parker, Mary-Louise 1964- Actress. Born on August 2, 1964 in Fort Jackson, South Carolina. Parker, Matthew (1504-75) The second Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury, born in Norwich... Parker, Samuel (1779-1866) Missionary and explorer, born in Ashfield, Massachusetts, USA. Parker, Sarah Jessica 1965- Actor, producer. Born March 25, 1965 in Nelsonville, Ohio. Parker, Sir Alan (1944- ) Film director and actor, born in London, UK. Parker, Theodore (1810-60) Unitarian clergyman and reformer, born in Lexington, Massachusetts... Parker, Willard (1800-84) Surgeon, born in Lyndeborough, New Hampshire, USA. Parker, William H (1902-66) Police chief and criminology adviser, born in Lead, South Dakota, USA. Parkes, Alexander (1813-90) Chemist and inventor, born in Birmingham, West Midlands, C England... Parkes, Sir Henry (1815-96) Australian statesman, born in Stoneleigh, Warwickshire, C England, UK. Parkhurst, Charles Henry (1842-1933) Clergyman and reformer, born in Framingham, Massachusetts, USA. Parkinson, C(yril) Northcote (1909-93) Political scientist, born in Barnard Castle, Durham, NE England, UK. Parkinson, James (1755-1824) British physician and amateur palaeontologist. Parkinson, Michael (1935- ) British journalist and broadcaster. He was educated in Barnsley... Parkinson, Norman, (1913-90) Photographer, born in London, UK. Parkinson (of Carnforth), Cecil (Edward), Baron (1932- ) British statesman, born in Carnforth, Lancashire, NW England, UK. Parkman, Francis (1823-93) Historian, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Park, Maud May, (1871-1955) Suffrage leader, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Park, Mungo (1771-1806) Explorer of Africa, born in Foulshiels, Scottish Borders, SE Scotland... Park, Robert E(zra) (1864-1944) Sociologist, born in Harveyville, Pennsylvania, USA. Park, Roswell (1852-1914) Surgeon, pathologist, and writer, born in Pomfret, Connecticut, USA. Park, Ruth (c.1923- ) Writer, born in Auckland, New Zealand. Parks, Gordon A(lexander Buchanan) (1912- ) Photographer, writer, film director, and composer, born in Fort Scott... Parks, Rosa (Lee McCauley) 1913- Civil rights activist. Parks is best known for her refusal... Parks, William (c.1698-1750) Printer and publisher, probably born in Shropshire, WC England, UK. Parmenides (c.515-c.445 BC) The most influential of the Presocratic philosophers... Parmigianino (1503-40) Painter of the Lombard school, born in Parma, N Italy. Parnell, Charles Stewart (1846-91) Irish politician, born in Avondale, Co Wicklow, E Ireland. Parny, Évariste Désiré de Forges, vicomte de (Viscount of) (1753-1814) Poet, born on l'Ile Bourbon, France. A seminarist... Parran, Thomas (1892-1968) Physician, born in St Leonard, Maryland, USA. In 1926... Parra, Violeta (1917-67) Internationally celebrated Chilean folklorist, songwriter, and singer... Parr, Catherine (1512-48) Sixth wife of Henry VIII, the daughter of Sir Thomas Parr of Kendal. Parrhasios or Parrhasius (c.5 th-c) Painter, born in Ephesus, Ionia. He worked in Athens and... Parri, Ferruccio (1890-1981) Italian politician, born in Pinerolo, Piedmont, NW Italy. Parrington, V(ernon) L(ouis) (1871-1929) Literary historian, born in Aurora, Illinois, USA. Parris, Alexander (1780-1852) Architect, born in Hebron, Maine, USA. Based in Boston... Parrish, (Frederick) Maxfield (1870-1966) Illustrator and painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Parronchi, Alessandro (1914- ) Poet and art critic, born in Florence, Tuscany, NC Italy. Parr, Thomas, (?1483-1635) Centenarian, born, according to tradition, in 1483. Parry, Joseph (1841-1903) Musician, born in Merthyr Tydfil, S Wales, UK. Parry, Milman (1902-35) Philologist, born in Oakland, California, USA. Parry, Sir (Charles) Hubert (Hastings) (1848-1918) Composer, born in Bournemouth, Dorset, S England, UK. Parry, Sir William Edward (1790-1855) Arctic navigator, born in Bath, SW England, UK. He served in the navy... Parsons, Albert Richard (1848-87) Anarchist and labour activist, born in Montgomery, Alabama, USA. Parsons, Betty, (1900-82) Art dealer and painter, born in New York City, New York, USA. Parsons, Elsie (Worthington Clews) (1875-1941) Sociologist, anthropologist, and folklorist, born in New York City... Parsons, James B(enton) (1913- ) Judge, born in Kansas City, Missouri, USA. Parsons, Robert (1546-1610) Jesuit, born in Nether Stowey, Somerset, SW England, UK. Parsons, Sir Charles (Algernon) (1854-1931) Engineer, born in London, UK. He studied at Dublin and Cambridge... Parsons, Talcott (1902-79) Sociologist and educator, born in Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA.

5 Pani-Park Park-Pars Pars-Patt next> last» Parsons, Theophilus (1750-1813) Judge, born in Byfield, Massachusetts, USA. Parsons, Theophilus (1797-1882) Legal scholar, born in Newburyport, Massachusetts, USA. Parsons, Tony (1953- ) Journalist and novelist, born in Romford, Essex, SE England, UK. Partch, Harry (1901-74) Composer, born in Oakland, California, USA. Mostly self-taught... Parton, Dolly 1946- Country singer and songwriter, actress. Born Dolly Rebecca Parton... Partridge, Earl (Everard) (1900- ?) Aviator, born in Winchenden, Massachusetts, USA. Partridge, Eric (Honeywood) (1894-1979) Lexicographer, born in Waimata Valley, Gisborne, New Zealand. Pasamonte, Jerónimo de (d. after 1604) Autobiographer, of Aragonese origin. Pascal, Blaise (1623-62) Mathematician, physicist, theologian, and man-of-letters... Pascarella, Cesare (1858-1940) Poet, born in Rome, Latium, Italy. Pascin, Jules (1885-1930) Painter and artist, born in Julius Pincas, Vidin, NW Bulgaria. Pascoli, Giovanni (1855-1912) Poet, born in San Mauro di Romagna, Emilia-Romagna, N Italy. Pashukanis, Evgeny Bronislavitch (1894-c.1937) Legal philosopher, born in Russia. Pasmore, (Edwin John) Victor (1908-98) Artist, born in Chelsham, Surrey, SE England, UK. Largely self-taught... Paso, Antonio (1870-1958) Playwright, born in Granada, S Spain. Pasolini, Giuseppe (1815-76) Italian politician, born in Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna, NE Italy. Pasolini, Pier Paolo (1922-75) Film director and writer, born in Bologna, N Italy. Passatore, the (1824-51) Bandit, born in Boncellino di Bagnacavallo, Emilia-Romagna, E Italy. Passerat, Jean (1534-1602) Poet, born in Troyes, NEC France. Passmore, John (1914- ) Philosopher, born in Manly, Sydney, New South Wales, SE Australia. Passy, Paul (Edouard) (1859-1940) Philologist and phonetician, born in Versailles, NC France. Pasternak, Boris (Leonidovich) (1890-1960) Lyric poet, novelist, and translator, born in Moscow, Russia. Pasteur, Louis 1822-1895 Chemist and biologist... Pastonchi, Francesco (1877-1953) Writer, born in Riva Ligure, Liguria, NW Italy. His poetry... Pastorius, Francis Daniel (?1651-?1720) Lawyer, born in Sommerhausen, Germany. Pastor, Tony, (1837-1908) Actor and manager, born in New York City, New York, USA. Pasvolsky, Leo (1893-1953) Economist and government official, born in Pavlograd, Russia. Patanjali (2nd-c BC) A pseudonym attributed to the author (or one of the authors) of the... Pataudi, Iftikhar Ali, Nawab of (1910-52) Cricketer, born in Bhopal, C India. He studied at Oxford... Pataudi, Mansur Ali, Nawab of (1941- ) Cricketer, born in Bhopal, C India, the son of Iftikhar Ali Pataudi. Patch, Alexander (McCarrell) (1889-1945) US soldier, born in Fort Huachuca, Arizona, USA. Patch, Sam (?1807-29) Stunt diver, born in Rhode Island, USA. Patenier, Joachim (de) (c.1485-1524) Painter, probably born in Bouvignes, S Belgium. Pater, Jean-Baptiste (1695-1736) Painter, born in Valenciennes, N France. Paterno, Joe, (1926- ) Coach of American football, born in New York City, New York, USA. Paterson, A(ndrew) B(arton), (1864-1941) Journalist and poet, born at Narambla, New South Wales, SE Australia. Paterson, William (1658-1719) Financier and chief projector of the plan to establish the Bank of... Paterson, William (1745-1806) Judge, born in Northern Ireland. He was brought to the USA at age two. Pater, Walter (Horatio) (1839-94) Critic and essayist, born in London, UK. Pathé, Charles (1863-1957) Film pioneer, born in Paris, France. Patient Zero - Term used to refer to the individual who first introduced the human... Patijn, Schelto (1936- ) Burgomaster of Amsterdam, born in The Hague, W Netherlands. Patmore, Coventry (Kersey Dighton) (1823-96) Poet, born in Woodford, Essex, SE England, UK. Paton, Alan (Stewart) (1903-88) Writer and educator, born in Pietermaritzburg, E South Africa. Patou, Jean (1880-1936) Fashion designer, born in Normandy, NW France. Patrick, Mason (Mathews) (1863-1942) US soldier and aviator, born in Lewisburg, West Virginia, USA. Patrick, St (c.385-461) Apostle of Ireland, born (perhaps) in South Wales. Patten, Chris(topher Francis) (1944- ) British politician, born in London, UK. He studied at Oxford... Patten, Gilbert, (1866-1945) Writer, born in Corinna, Maine, USA. He ran away when he was 16... Patterson, Floyd (1935- ) Boxer, born in Waco, Texas, USA. He grew up in New York City...

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6 Patterson, James (1949- ) Novelist, born in New York City, USA. Patterson, John H(enry) (1844-1922) Manufacturer, born near Dayton, Ohio, USA. Patterson, Joseph Medill (1879-1946) Newspaper publisher, born in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Patterson, Robert (1792-1881) American soldier, born in Co Tyrone, Ireland. Patti, Adelina (1843-1919) Singer, born in Madrid, Spain. At seven she sang in New York... Pattie, James Ohio (1804-c.50) Trapper and writer, born in Bracken Co, Kentucky, USA. Patti, Ercole (1904-76) Writer, born in Catania, Sicily, S Italy. Pattison, Dorothy (Wyndlow) (1832-78) British philanthropist and nurse. Patton, (General) George (Smith), Jr. 1885-1945 Soldier. Born in San Gabriel, California. Pau Fernández, Ismael del (1889-1968) Folklorist and prehistorian, born in Logroño, N Spain. Paul, Alice (1885-1977) Social reformer and lawyer, born in Moorestown, New Jersey, USA. Paul, Charles Kegan (1828-1902) Writer and publisher, born in White Laekington, Somerset, SW England... Paulding, James Kirke (1778-1860) Writer and public official... Pauley, Jane 1950- Television anchor. Born in Indianapolis, Indiana. Paulhan, Jean (1884-1968) Critic and essayist, born in Nîmes, S France... Paul I (1754-1801) Tsar of Russia (1796-1801), born in St Petersburg, NW Russia... Paul I (1901-64) King of the Hellenes (1947-64), born in Athens, Greece. Paul III, (1468-1549) Pope (1534-49), born in Canino, WC Italy. Paulin de Nola, St (353-431) Prelate and writer, born in Bordeaux, SW France. Pauling, Linus (Carl) (1901-94) Chemist, born in Portland, Oregon, USA. Paulin, Tom (1949- ) Poet, born in Leeds, West Yorkshire, N England, UK. Paulinus (?-644) Roman Catholic missionary, and first archbishop of York. Paulinus of Nola, St (353-431) Bishop and writer, born in Bordeaux, SW France. Pauli, Wolfgang (1900-58) Theoretical physicist, born in Vienna, Austria. Paul, Les, (1915- ) Musician, and inventor of the solid-body electric guitar... Paul, Lewis (?-1759) Inventor, son of a Huguenot refugee in England. Paul, St, (?10-65/67 AD) Apostle to the Gentiles and important theologian of the early... Paulus, Friedrich (1890-1957) German soldier and tank specialist, born in Breitenau, C Germany. Paulus, Pieter (1754-96) Dutch politician, born in Axel, SW Netherlands. Paul V, (1552-1621) Pope, born in Rome, Latium, Italy. A lawyer... Paul VI, (1897-1978) Pope (1963-78), born in Concesio, Italy. Pausanias (2nd-c) Geographer and historian, probably born in Lydia, Greece. Pausanias (5th-c BC) Greek soldier, and regent of Sparta, the nephew of Leonidas. Pauw A prominent family of Amsterdam merchants... Pavarotti, Luciano 1935- Opera singer; best known for his complete mastery of the range of... Pavese, Cesare (1908-50) Writer, born in Cuneo, NW Italy. Pavlova, Anna (1881-1931) Ballerina, born in St Petersburg, NW Russia. Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich (1849-1936) Physiologist, born in Ryazan, W Russia. Pavolini, Alessandro (1903-45) Italian politician, born in Florence, Tuscany, NC Italy. Paxman, Jeremy (Dickson) (1950- ) Television presenter and journalist born in Leeds, West Yorkshire... Paxton, Sir Joseph (1801-65) Gardener and architect, born near Woburn, Bedfordshire, SC England... Paxton, Steve (1939- ) Experimental dancer and choreographer, born in Tucson, Arizona, USA. Payne, John Howard (1791-1852) Actor, playwright and composer, born in New York City, New York, USA. Payne, Sereno Elisha (1843-1914) US representative, born in Hamilton, New York, USA. Payton, Walter (Jerry) "Sweetness'' 1954-1999 Professional football player, born on July 25, 1954, in Columbia... Paz Estenssoro, Victor (1907-2001) Bolivian politician, revolutionary, and president (1952-6, 1960-4... Paz, Octavio 1914-1998 Poet. Born March 31, 1914, to a distinguished Mexican family. Paz y Melia, Antonio (1842-1927) Editor, palaeographer... Pazzi, Roberto (1946- ) Writer, born in Ameglia, Liguria, NW Italy. Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer (1804-94) Publisher and educator, born in Billerica, Massachusetts, USA.

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7 Peabody, Endicott (1857-1944) Educator, born in Salem, Massachusetts, USA. Peabody, Francis Greenwood (1847-1936) Unitarian clergyman and educator, born in Boston, Massachusets, USA. Peabody, George (1795-1869) Merchant, financier, and philanthropist, born in Danvers... Peabody, Lucy Whitehead, (1861-1949) Mission leader, born in Belmont, Kansas, USA. Peabody, Robert Swain (1845-1917) Architect, born in New Bedford, Massachusetts, USA. Peacock, Andrew (Sharp) (1939- ) Australian statesman, born in Melbourne, Victoria, SE Australia. Peacocke, Arthur (1924- ) Biophysical chemist and clergyman, born in Watford, Greater London... Peacock, Thomas Love (1785-1866) Novelist and poet, born in Weymouth, Dorset, S England, UK. Pea, Enrico (1881-1958) Writer, born in Seravezza, Tuscany, W Italy. Self-taught... Peake, Mervyn (Laurence) (1911-68) Writer and artist, born in Kuling, EC China... Peale, Charles Willson (1741-1827) Painter, naturalist, and museum founder, born in Queen Annes Co... Peale, James (1749-1831) Painter, born in Chestertown, Maryland, USA. Peale, Norman Vincent 1898-1993 Protestant religious leader, author; born in Bowersville, Ohio. Peale, Raphaelle (1774-1825) Painter, born in Annapolis, Maryland, USA... Peale, Rembrandt (1778-1860) Painter, born in Bucks Co, Pennsylvania, USA... Peale, Sarah (Miriam) (1800-85) Painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Peale, Titian (Ramsay) (1799-1885) Painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA... Peano, Giuseppe (1858-1932) Mathematician, born in Cuneo, NW Italy. Pearce, Richard William (1877-1953) Inventor and pioneer aviator, born in Waitohi, New Zealand. Pearce, Stuart (1962- ) Footballer, born in Shepherds Bush, SW London, UK. A left back... Pearlstein, Philip (1924- ) Painter, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Pearse, Patrick (or Pádraic) Henry (1879-1916) Writer, educationist, and nationalist, born in Dublin, Ireland. Pearson, (An)drew Russell (1897-1969) Journalist, born in Evanston, Illinois, USA. Pearson, Gerald (Leondus) (1905- ) Physicist, born in Salem, Oregon, USA. Pearson, Hesketh (1887-1964) Biographer, born in Hawford, Hereford and Worcester, WC England, UK. Pearson, Karl (1857-1936) Mathematician and scientist, born in London, UK. Pearson, Lester B(owles) (1897-1972) Canadian statesman and prime minister (1963-8), born in Newtonbrook... Pearson, Sir Cyril (Arthur) (1866-1921) Newspaper and periodical proprietor, born in Wookey, Somerset... Pearson, Thomas Gilbert (1873-1943) Ornithologist and conservationist, born in Tuscola, Illinois, USA. Pears, Sir Peter (Neville Luard) (1910-86) Tenor, born in Farnham, Surrey, SE England, UK. Peary, Robert E(dwin) (1856-1920) Explorer and naval officer, born in Cresson, Pennsylvania, USA. Pease, Francis (Gladheim) (1881-1938) Astronomer and designer of optical instruments, born in Cambridge... Pecchio, Giuseppe (1785-1836) Italian patriot, economist, and writer, born in Milan, Lombardy... Pechstein, Max (1881-1955) Painter and print-maker, born in Zwickau, E Germany. Peck, (Eldred) Gregory 1916-2003 Actor. Born Eldred Gregory Peck in La Jolla, California. Peckham, Rufus Wheeler (1838-1909) Judge, born in Albany, New York, USA. Peckinpah, Sam (1925-84) Film director, born in Fresno, California, USA. Peck, M(organ) Scott (1936- ) Psychiatrist, born in New York City, New York, USA. Pecock, Reginald (c.1395-c.1460) Theologian and writer, born in Laugharne, Carmarthenshire, SW Wales... Pedersen, Holger (1867-1953) Linguist, born in Gelballe, SC Denmark. Pederson, Charles J (1904-89) Chemist, born in Fusan, Korea. He moved to the USA in 1927... Pedrell, Felipe (1841-1922) Musicologist and composer, born in Tortosa, E Spain. Self-taught... Pedro de Alcántara, St (1499-1562) Franciscan mystic, born in Alcántara, Extremadura, W Spain. Pedro I (1798-1834) Emperor of Brazil (1822-31), born in Lisbon, Portugal... Peele, George (c.1558-96) Elizabethan playwright and poet, born in London, UK. Peel, John, (1939- ) Radio disc jockey and presenter, born in Heswall, Merseyside... Peel, Sir Robert (1788-1850) British statesman and prime minister (1834-5, 1841-6), born near Bury... Peerce, Jan, (1904-84) Opera singer, born in New York City, New York, USA. Pegler, (Francis) Westbrook (1894-1969) Journalist, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. Péguy, Charles (Pierre) (1873-1914) Writer and publisher, born in Orléans, C France.

8 Peierls, Sir Rudolph (Ernest) (1907-95) Physicist, born in Berlin, Germany. He studied at Berlin, Munich... Pei, I(eoh) M(ing) (1917- ) Architect, born in Canton, China. Pei, Mario (Andrew) (1901-1978) Linguist, born in Rome, Italy. He moved to the USA as a child... Peirce, Benjamin (1809-80) Astronomer and mathematician, born in Salem, Massachusetts, USA... Peirce, Charles Sanders (1839-1914) Philosopher, logician, and mathematician, born in Cambridge... Péladan, Joseph (1858-1918) Writer, born in Lyon, SC France. Pelagius (c.360-c.420) British or Irish monk. He settled in Rome c.400... Pelé 1940- Soccer player. Pelevin, Victor (1962- ) Writer, born in Moscow, Russia. Pelham, Henry (1696-1754) British statesman and prime minister (1743-54), born in London, UK... Pelham, Henry (1749-1806) Engraver, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Pelham (-Holles), Thomas, 1st Duke of Newcastle (1693-1768) British statesman and prime minister (1754-6, 1757-62)... Pelham, Peter (c.1695-1751) Engraver, born in London, UK. Pelikan, Jaroslav (Jan, Jr) (1923- ) Historian of religion, born in Akron, Ohio, USA. Pelletier, Pierre Joseph (1788-1842) Chemist, born in Paris, France. Pellico, Silvio (1789-1854) Patriot and writer, born in Saluzzo, Piedmont, N Italy. Pell, John (1610-85) Mathematician and clergyman, born in Southwick, West Sussex... Pelloux, Luigi Girolamo (1839-1924) Military leader, politician, and prime minister (1898-1900)... Pelopidas (c.410-364 BC) Theban general and statesman. Together with his friend Epaminondas... Peltier, Jean Charles Athanase (1785-1845) Physicist, born in Ham, N France. Originally a clockmaker... Peltier, Leonard (1944- ) Ojibwa-Lakota activist, born in Grand Forks, North Dakota, USA. Pelton, Lester (Allen) (1829-1918) Inventor and engineer, born in Vermillion, Ohio, USA. Pemberton, John Clifford (1814-81) US soldier, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Pemberton, Sir Max (1863-1950) Writer, born in Birmingham, West Midlands, C England, UK. Penck, Albrecht (1858-1945) Geographer and geologist, born in Leipzig, EC Germany. Penda (c.575-655) King of Mercia (c.632-55). Penderecki, Krzysztof (1933- ) Composer, born in Debica, SE Poland. Pendergast, Thomas (Joseph) (1872-1945) Political boss, born in St Joseph, Missouri, USA. Pendleton, Don(ald Eugene) (1927-95) Author, born in Little Rock, Arkansas, USA. An aerospace engineer... Pendleton, Edmund (1721-1803) Jurist and Revolutionary patriot, born in Caroline Co, Virginia, USA. Pendleton, George Hunt, (1825-89) US representative and senator, born in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. Pendleton, John B (1798-1866) Lithographer, born in New York City, New York, USA. Penfield, Wilder Graves (1891-1976) Neurosurgeon, born in Spokane, Washington, USA. Peniakoff, Vladimir (1897-1951) British soldier, born in Belgium. Educated in England... Penna, Sandro (1906-77) Poet, born in Perugia, Umbria, C Italy. Pennebaker, D(onn) A(lan) (1930- ) Film-maker, born in Evanston, Illinois, USA. Pennell, Joseph (1857-1926) Lithographer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Penney, J(ames) C(ash) (1875-1971) Retailer and philanthropist, born in Hamilton, Missouri, USA. Penney, William (George) Penney, Baron (1909-91) Physicist, born in Gibraltar. He studied at London, Wisconsin... Pennington, Mary Engle (1872-1952) Chemist and refrigeration specialist, born in Nashville, Tennessee... Pennington, Michael (Vivian Fyfe) (1943- ) British actor. He studied at Cambridge... Pennington, William (1796-1862) US representative and governor, born in Newark, New Jersey, USA. Penn, Sean 1960- Actor, writer, director, producer. Born August 17, 1960, in Burbank... Penn, William (1644-1718) Quaker reformer and colonialist, the founder of Pennsylvania... Penrose, Boies (1860-1921) US senator, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Penrose, Richard A(lexander) F(ullerton), Jr (1863-1931) Geologist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Penrose, Sir Roger (1931- ) Mathematical physicist, born in Colchester, Essex, SE England, UK. Penrose, Sir Roland (Algernon) (1900-84) Painter, connoisseur, and art collector, born in London, UK. Penzias, Arno (Allan) (1933- ) Astrophysicist, born in Munich, SE Germany. Penzolt, Ernst (1892-1955) Writer, born in Erlangen, SC Germany. He studied art...

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9 Pepe, Gabriele (1779-1849) Italian patriot, born in Civitacampomarano, Campania, S Italy. Pepe, Guglielmo (1783-1855) Italian patriot, born in Squillace, Campania, S Italy. Peper, Bram (1940- ) Dutch politician and Burgomaster of Rotterdam, born in Haarlem... Pepin III, (c.714-68) King of the Franks (751-68)... Peploe, Samuel John (1871-1935) Artist, born in Edinburgh, EC Scotland, UK. An established painter... Pepper, Art(hur Edward) (1925-82) Saxophone player and composer, born in Gardena, California, USA. Pepperberg, Irene M(axine) (1949- ) Animal behaviourist and ornithologist, born in New York City... Pepper, Beverly, (1924- ) Sculptor and environmental artist, born in New York City, New York... Pepper, Claude D(enson) (1900-89) US senator and representative, born near Dudleyville, Alabama, USA. Pepper, George Wharton (1867-1961) US senator and lawyer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Pepperrell, Sir William (1696-1759) Colonial leader, born in Kittery, Maine, USA. Pepper, William (1810-64) Physician, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Pepper, William (1843-98) Physician, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Pepusch, Johann Christoph (1667-1752) Composer and musical theorist, born in Berlin, Germany. Pepys, Samuel (1633-1703) Diarist and naval administrator, born in London, UK. Perahia, Murray (1947- ) Pianist, born in New York City, USA. Perceval, John de Burgh (1923- ) Ceramic artist and painter, born in Bruce Rock, Western Australia. Perceval, Spencer (1762-1812) British statesman and prime minister (1809-12), born in London, UK. Percier, Charles (1764-1838) Architect, born in Paris, France. Percoto, Caterina (1812-87) Writer, born in San Lorenzo di Soleschiano, Friuli-Venezia Giulia... Percy, Thomas (1729-1811) Antiquarian, poet, and bishop, born in Bridgnorth, Shropshire... Percy, Walker (1916-90) Writer, born in Birmingham, Alabama, USA. Perdiccas (c.365-321 BC) Macedonian general, the second-in-command to Alexander the Great. Perdue, Frank(lin Parsons) (1920- ) Food executive, born in Salisbury, Maryland, USA. Perec, Marie-Jo (1968- ) French athlete, born in Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe, French E Caribbean. Peregrinus (de Maricourt), Petrus (13th-c) Scientist and soldier, born in Picardy, N France. Pereira, Irene, (1907-71) Painter, born in Chelsea, Massachusetts, USA. Perella, Joseph Robert (1941- ) Investment banker, born in Newark, New Jersey. USA. Perelman, Ronald (Owen) (1935- ) Financier, born in Greensboro, North Carolina, USA. Perelman, S(idney) J(oseph) (1904-79) Writer, born in New York City, New York, USA. Peres, Shimon (1923- ) Israeli statesman and prime minister (1984-6, 1995-6)... Pérez, Antonio (c.1540-1611) Autobiographer and letter-writer, born in Madrid, Spain. Pérez Bayer, Francisco (1714-94) Educationist and Hebraist, born in Valencia, E Spain. Pérez de Ayala, Ramón (1881-1962) Novelist, poet, and critic, born in Oviedo, NW Spain. Pérez de Barradas y Alvarez de Eulate, José María (1897-1981) Prehistorian, born in Cádiz, SW Spain... Pérez de Cuellar, Javier (1920- ) Peruvian diplomat, and secretary-general of the UN (1982-91)... Pérez de Herrera, Cristóbal (1558-1625) Medical adviser to Felipe III and writer on medicine and social... Pérez de Moya, Juan (1513?-97?) Mathematician and moralist, born in Santisteban del Puerto, Jaén... Pérez Galdós, Benito (1843-1920) Novelist and playwright, born in Las Palmas, Canary Is, Spain. Pérez Lugín, Alejandro (1870-1926) Popular novelist, born in Madrid, Spain. Pérez Vidal, José (1907-90) Folklorist, born in Santa Cruz de la Palma, Spain... Pergaud, Louis (1882-1915) Novelist, born in Belmont, S France. At first a teacher... Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista (1710-36) Composer, born in Jesi, EC Italy. Periander (c.625-585 BC) Tyrant of Corinth, successor to his father, Cypselus. Under him... Pericles (c.495-429 BC) General and statesman, of the aristocratic Alcmaeonid family... Pérignon, dom Pierre (1639-1715) Benedictine monk, born in Sainte-Menehould, Marne, NE France. Peri, Jacopo (1561-1633) Composer, born in Rome, Italy. Perkins, Anthony 1932-1992 Actor. Born April 4, 1932 in New York, New York. Perkins, Carl 1932-1998 rock 'n' roll singer, songwriter, guitarist; born in Lake City, Tenn. Perkins, Charles E(lliott) (1840-1907) Railroad executive, born in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. In 1859...

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10 Perkins, Charles (Nelson) (1936-2000) Bureaucrat and activist, born in Alice Springs, Northern Territory... Perkins, Dexter (1952- ) Geologist, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Perkins, Frances, (1882-1965) Cabinet member, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Perkin, Sir William Henry (1838-1907) Chemist, born in London, UK. Perkins, Jack - Former Biography anchor. Perkins, Jacob (1766-1849) Mechanical engineer and inventor, born in Newburyport, Massachusetts... Perkins, Kieren (John) (1973- ) Swimmer, born in Brisbane, Queensland, NE Australia. Perkins, Marion (1908-61) Sculptor, born in Marche, Arkansas, USA. Perkins, Maxwell (Evarts) (1884-1947) Editor and publisher, born in New York City, USA. Perkins, Thomas (Handasyd) (1764-1854) Merchant and philanthropist, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Perk, Jacques (Fabrice Herman) (1859-81) Poet, born in Dordrecht, W Netherlands. Perle, George (1915- ) Composer and theorist, born in Bayonne, New Jersey, USA. Perlman, Itzhak 1945- violinist. Born in Tel Aviv, Israel. Crippled by polio in childhood... Perl, Martin (Lewis) (1927- ) Physicist, born in Brooklyn, New York, USA. Perls, Fritz, (1893-1970) Psychiatrist, born in Berlin, Germany. He left Germany in 1933... Permeke, Constant (1886-1951) Painter and sculptor, born in Antwerp, N Belgium. Perón, Isabelita (1931- ) President of Argentina (1974-6), born in La Rioja Province... Perón, Juan (Domingo) (1895-1974) Argentinian soldier and president (1946-55, 1973-4), born in Lobos... Perón, (Maria) Eva (Duarte de) 1919-1952 Wife and political partner of President Juan Peron of Argentina. Perosi, Lorenzo (1872-1956) Priest and composer, born in Tortona, N Italy. Ordained a priest... Perot, (Henry) Ross (1930- ) Business executive and public figure, born in Texarkana, Texas, USA. Perrault, Charles (1628-1703) Writer, born in Paris, France. He became a lawyer... Perrault, Claude (1613-88) Architect, physician, and physicist, born in Paris, France... Perrault, Dominique (1953- ) Architect, born in Clermont-Ferrand, C France. Perréal, Jean (c.1455-1530) Painter, born in Paris, France... Perret, Auguste (1874-1954) Architect, born in Brussels, Belgium. Perrin, Jean (Baptiste) (1870-1942) Physicist, born in Lille, N France. Perron, (Charles) Edgar du (1899-1940) Writer and literary critic, born near Batavia (Jakarta), Indonesia. Perronet, Jean Rodolphe (1708-94) Civil engineer, born in Suresnes, NC France. Perronneau, Jean-Baptiste (1715-83) Painter, born in Paris, France. A prolific painter... Perry, Fred(erick John) (1909-95) Lawn tennis and table tennis player, born in Stockport... Perry, Joe, (1927- ) Player of American football, born in Stevens, Arkansas, USA. Perry, Lilla Cabot (1848-1933) Painter and poet, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Perry, (Mary) Antoinette (1888-1946) Actress and director, born in Denver, Colorado, USA. Perry, Mary Chase (1867-1967) Ceramicist, born in Hancock, Michigan, USA. Perry, Matthew 1969- Actor. Born August 19, 1969, in Williamstown, Massachusetts. Perry, Matthew C(albraith) (1794-1858) US naval officer, born in South Kingston, Rhode Island, USA. Perry, Oliver Hazard (1785-1819) US naval officer, born in South Kingston, Rhode Island, USA. Perry, Pettis (1897-1965) Communist, born near Marion, Alabama, USA. Perry, Ralph Barton (1876-1957) Philosopher, born in Poultney, Vermont, USA. Persano, Carlo Pellion of (1806-83) Italian admiral, born in Vercelli, Piedmont, N Italy. Persechetti, Vincent (1915-87) Composer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Pershing, John J(oseph), (1860-1948) US soldier, born near Laclede, Missouri, USA. Persius, (34-62) Satirist, born of a distinguished equestrian family in Volaterrae... Persons, Buck, (1909- ) Business executive, born in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Pert, Candace B (1946- ) Neuroscientist, born in New York City, New York, USA. Pertini, Alessandro (1896-1990) Italian politician and president (1978-85), born in Stella, Liguria... Perugino (c.1450-1523) Painter, born in Città della Pieve, Umbria, C Italy. Perutz, Max (Ferdinand) (1914-2002) Biochemist, born in Vienna, Austria. Peruzzi, Baldassare (Tommaso) (1481-1536) Architect, probably born in Siena, C Italy. In 1503 he went to Rome

11 Pescarolo, Henri (1942- ) Outstanding French racing driver. Pesci, Joe 1943- Actor. Born Joseph Pesci on February 9, 1943 in Newark, New Jersey. Pesne, Antoine (1683-1757) Historical painter, born in Paris, France. Pesotta, Rose, (1896-1965) Labour leader, born in Derazhnya, Ukraine. Pestalozzi, Johann Heinrich (1746-1827) Educationist, and pioneer of mass education for poor children... Pétain, (Henri) Philippe (Omer) (1856-1951) French soldier and statesman, born in Cauchy-à-la-Tour, N France. Peter I (1672-1725) Tsar of Russia (1682-1721) and emperor (1721-5), born in Moscow... Peter I (1844-1921) King of Serbia, born in Belgrade, Yugoslavia... Peter II (1715-30) Tsar of Russia (1727-30), born in St Petersburg, Russia. Peter II (1923-70) King of Yugoslavia (1934-45), born in Belgrade, Yugoslavia... Peter, Johann Friedrich (1746-1813) Composer, organist, teacher, and minister, born in Heerendijk... Peters, Bernadette 1948- Actress. Born Bernadette Lazzara on February 28... Peters, Carl (1856-1918) German colonial politician, born in Neuhaus/Elbe, Germany. Peters, Dame Mary (Elizabeth) (1939- ) Athlete, born in Halewood, Lancashire, NW England, UK. Peterson, Oscar (Emmanuel) (1925- ) Jazz pianist and composer, born in Montreal, Quebec, SE Canada. Peterson, Roger Tory (1908-96) Ornithologist, born in Jamestown, New York, USA. Peter, St, (1st-c) One of the 12 apostles of Jesus Christ... Peters, Tom, (1942- ) Writer, lecturer, and management consultant, born in Baltimore... Peter the Great 1672-1725 Russian czar. Born Pyotr Alekseyevich, on June 9, 1672, in Moscow... Peter the Hermit (c.1050-c.1115) Monk, a preacher of the first Crusade, born in Amiens, N France. Petigru, James Louis (1789-1863) Lawyer and politician, born in Abbeville District, South Carolina... Petipa, Marius (1818-1910) Ballet-master, dancer, and choreographer... Petit, Alexis (Thérèse) (1791-1820) Physicist, born in Vesoul, W France. Petitot, Jean (1607-91) Painter of enamel miniatures, born in Geneva, SW Switzerland. Petit, Roland (1924- ) Choreographer and dancer, born in Paris, France. Petöfi, Sandor (1823-49) Poet, born in Kiskörös, SC Hungary. Peto, John Frederick (1854-1907) Painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Petrarch, Francesco 1304-1374 Poet, scholar. Born Francesco Petrarch, on July 20, 1304, in Arezzo... Petri, Angelo (1883-1961) Vintner, born in Marseilles, France. He emigrated to the USA in 1895... Petrie, Sir (William Matthew) Flinders (1853-1942) Archaeologist and Egyptologist, born in Charlton, Kent, SE England... Petronio, Stephen (1956- ) Dancer and choreographer, born in Nutley, New Jersey, USA. Petronius Arbiter (1st-c) Latin writer... Petrosian, Tigran V(artanovich) (1929-84) Chess player, and world champion (1963-9), born in Tbilisi... Petrov-Vodkin, Kuzma Sergeyevich (1878-1939) Painter, born in Khvalynsk, W Russia. Pettigrew, Richard Franklin (1848-1926) US senator, born in Ludlow, Vermont, USA. Pettit, Bob, (1932- ) Basketball player, born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA. Petty, Richard, (1937- ) Stock-car racing driver, born in Level Cross, North Carolina, USA. Petty, Sir William (1623-87) Economist, born in Romsey, Hampshire, S England, UK. He went to sea... Pétursson, Hallgrímur (1614-74) Devotional poet, pastor, and hymn-writer, born in Hólar... Pevsner, Antoine (1886-1962) Constructivist sculptor and painter, born in Oryol, W Russia. Pevsner, Sir Nikolaus (Bernhard Leon) (1902-83) Art historian, born in Leipzig, EC Germany. Pew, Joseph N(ewton), Jr (1886-1963) Industrialist and philanthropist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania... Peyrefitte, Roger (1907-2000) French novelist. He won the competition for the Quai d'Orsay... Peyton, Patrick (1909-92) Catholic priest, born in Co Mayo, Ireland. Pfeiffer, Michelle 1958- Actress. Born April 29, 1958, in Santa Ana, California. Pfitzner, Hans (Erich) (1869-1949) Composer, born in Moscow, Russia. Pforzheimer, Carl H(oward) (1879-1957) Investment banker, book collector, and philanthropist... Phaedrus or Phaeder (1st-c) The translator of Aesop's fables into Latin verse... Phalaris (?-554 BC) Tyrant of Acragas (modern Agrigento) in Sicily... Pheidippides (5th-c BC) Long-distance runner from Greece

12 Phelan, James (Duval) (1861-1930) Mayor, born in San Francisco, California, USA. Phelan, John J (1931- ) Financier, born in New York City, New York, USA. Pheloung, Barrington (1954- ) Composer and conductor, born in Sydney, New South Wales, SE Australia. Phelps, Brian (Eeric) (1944- ) Diver, born in Chelmsford, Essex, SE England, UK. Phidias (5th-c BC) The greatest sculptor of Greece, born in Athens. Philbin, Regis 1933- Television personality, talk and game show host. Philby, Kim, (1912-88) Double agent, born in Ambala, N India. He studied at Cambridge, where... Philidor, François André, (1726-95) Composer of operas, and chess master, born in Dreux, NC France. Philip, (?1639-76) Wampanoag leader, born at Pawkunnakut in present-day Rhode Island... Philip, Duke of Burgundy, (1342-1404) Duke of Burgundy from 1363, the youngest son of Jean II of France. Philip, Duke of Burgundy, (1396-1467) Duke of Burgundy from 1419, the son of John the Fearless. Philip II (1165-1223) King of France (1179-1223), born in Paris, France... Philip II (1527-98) King of Spain (1556-98) and Portugal (as Philip I, 1580-98)... Philip II (382-336 BC) King of Macedon (359-336 BC), the father of Alexander the Great. Philip III (1396-1467) Duke of Burgundy (1419-67), born in Dijon, E France... Philip IV, Duke of Burgundy, (1478-1506) Duke of Burgundy from 1482... Philippa of Hainault (c.1314-1369) Queen consort of England... Philippe, Charles-Louis (1875-1909) Novelist, born in Cérilly, C France. Philips, Anton (1874-1951) Dutch businessman. Philips, Katherine, (1631-64) Poet, born in London, UK. Philipson, David (1862-1949) Rabbi, born in Wabash, Indiana, USA. Philipson, Sir Robin, (1916-92) Painter, born in Broughton-in-Furness, Cumbria, NW England, UK. Philip, St (1st-c) One of the disciples of Jesus, listed among the 12 (in Mark 3. Philip V (1683-1746) First Bourbon king of Spain (1700-46), born in Versailles, NC France... Philip VI (1293-1350) First Valois king of France (1328-50), the nephew of Philip IV... Philip William, (1554-1618) Dutch ruler, Prince of Orange, born in Buren, The Netherlands... Phillip, Arthur (1738-1814) Admiral, founder and first governor of New South Wales... Phillips, Ammi (1788-1865) Painter, born in Colebrook, Connecticut, USA. Phillips, David (Graham) (1867-1911) Journalist and novelist, born in Madison, Indiana, USA. Phillips, Duncan (Clinch) (1886-1966) Art collector and museum founder, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania... Phillips, Irna (1901-73) Radio and television writer, born in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Phillips, James C(harles) (1933- ) Physicist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Phillips, John Bertram (1906-82) Bible translator, writer, and broadcaster, born in London, UK. Phillips, Mackenzie 1959- Actress. Born Laura "Mackenzie" Phillips on November 10... Phillips, Mark, Captain (1948- ) Former husband of Princess Anne, and a noted horseman. Phillips, Sam 1923-2003 Record producer. Born January 5, 1923, in Florence, Alabama. Phillips, Wendell (1811-84) Orator and reformer, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Phillips, William (1878-1968) Diplomat, born in Beverly, Massachusetts, USA. Phillips, William D (1948- ) Physicist, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, USA. Phillpotts, Eden (1862-1960) British novelist, playwright, and poet, born in Mount Aboo, India. Philo (2nd-c) Byzantine scientist. He wrote a treatise on military engineering... Philo Judaeus (c.20 BC-c.AD 40) Hellenistic Jewish philosopher, born in Alexandria. Philostratus, Flavius (c.170-245) Greek sophist. He studied at Athens, and established himself in Rome... Phips, Sir William, (1651-95) Colonial governor, born in Pemmaquid, Maine, USA. Phocion (c.402-318 BC) Athenian soldier. Phoenix, Joaquin 1974- Actor. Born October 28, 1974, in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Phoenix, River (1970-93) Film actor, born in Madras, Oregon, USA. Phomvihane, Kaysone (1920-92) Laotian prime minister (1975-91), born in Savannakhet province... Photius, St (c.820-91) Patriarch of Constantinople (858-67, 877-86)... Phryne (4th-c BC) Greek courtesan of antiquity...

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13 Phyfe, Duncan (1768-1854) Furniture maker, born in Loch Fannich, Highland, N Scotland, UK. Physick, Philip Syng (1768-1837) Surgeon, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Piaf, Edith (1915-63) Singer, born in Paris, France. Piaget, Jean (1896-1980) Psychologist and pioneer in the study of child intelligence... Pialat, Marcel (1925-2003) Film-maker, born in Cunlhat, SC France. Piatigorsky, Gregor (1903-76) Cellist, born in Dnepropetrovsk (formerly Yekaterinoslav), EC Ukraine. Piazzi, Giuseppe (1746-1826) Astronomer, born in Ponte di Valtellina, N Italy. Picabia, Francis (1879-1953) Painter, born in Paris, France. Picard, (Charles) Emile (1856-1941) Mathematician, born in Paris, France. Picard, Jean (1620-82) Astronomer, born in La Flèche, NW France. Picasso, Pablo 1881-1973 Artist. Born Pablo Blasco on October 25, 1881, in Malaga, Spain... Picasso, Paloma 1949- Designer, businesswoman. Born April 19... Piccard, Auguste (Antoine) (1884-1962) Physicist, born in Basel, N Switzerland... Piccard, Jean (Felix) (1884-1963) Chemist, born in Basel, N Switzerland... Piccaver, Alfred (1884-1958) Tenor, born in Long Sutton, Somerset, SW England, UK. Piccinino, Niccolò (1386-1444) Condottiere, born in Callisciana, Umbria, C Italy. Piccinni, Niccola (1728-1800) Composer, born in Bari, SE Italy. He studied at Naples... Piccoli, Michel (1925- ) Actor, born in Paris, France. One of France's outstanding actors... Piccolomini, Alessandro (1508-78) Scholar and writer, born in Siena, Tuscany, C Italy. Pichegru, Charles (1761-1804) French general, born in Les Planches. Pickens, Andrew (1739-1817) American soldier, born near Paxtang, Pennsylvania, USA. Pickens, T(homas) Boone, Jr (1928- ) Oil company executive, and financier, born in Holdenville, Oklahoma... Pickering, Edward Charles (1846-1919) Astronomer, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA... Pickering, John (?1776-1846) Linguist, philologist, and attorney, born in Salem, Massachusetts... Pickering, Sir George (1904-80) Clinician who pioneered the study of blood pressure, born in Whalton... Pickering, William H(ayward) (1910- 2004) Rocket scientist, born in Wellington, New Zealand. Pickering, William Henry (1858-1938) Astronomer, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA... Pickett, George Edward (1825-75) US soldier, born in Richmond, Virginia, USA. Pickett, Joseph (1848-1918) Painter, born in New Hope, Pennsylvania, USA. Pickford, Mary, (1893-1979) Actress, born in Toronto, Ontario, SE Canada. Pick, Frank (1878-1941) Administrator and design patron, born in Spalding, Lincolnshire... Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni, comte (Count) (1463-94) Renaissance philosopher, born in Mirandola, NE Italy. Picón, Jacinto Octavio (1852-1923) Novelist and short-story writer, born in Madrid, Spain. Picotte, Susan La Flesche (1865-1915) Physician and tribal leader... Pieck, Wilhelm (1876-1960) East German politician and president (1949-60), born near Berlin. Pienaar, François (1967- ) Rugby player and coach, born in Vereeniging, Gauteng, NE South Africa. Pierce, Franklin (1804-69) US statesman and 14th president (1853-7), born in Hillsborough... Pierce, Jane, (1806-63) US first lady (1853-7), born in Hampton, New Hampshire, USA. Pierce, John Robinson (1910-2002) Electrical engineer, born in Des Moines, Iowa, USA... Pierce, Mary (1975- ) French tennis player. Considered one of the best players in the world... Piercy, Esther June (1905-67) Librarian, born in Los Angeles, California, USA. Piercy, Marge, (1936- ) Poet and writer, born in Detroit, Michigan, USA. Pier della Vigna (c.1190-1249) Italian politician and poet, born in Capua, Campania, SW Italy. Pierné, Gabriel Henri Constant (1863-1937) Composer and conductor, born in Metz, NE France. Piero della Francesca (c.1420-92) Painter, born in Borgo San Sepolcro, NC Italy. Piero di Cosimo (c.1462-c.1521) Painter, born in Florence, NC Italy. Pierpont, Francis Harrison (1814-99) US governor, born in Morgantown, Virginia (now West Virginia), USA. Pierre, Abbé (1912- ) Priest, born in Lyon, SC France. Pierson, Nicholas Gerard (1839-1909) Dutch banker and politician, born in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Piferrer, Pau (1818-48) Poet and music critic, born in Barcelona, NE Spain...

14 Pigalle, Jean-Baptiste (1714-85) Sculptor, born in Paris, France. Piggott, Lester (Keith) (1935- ) Flat racing jockey, born in Wantage, Oxfordshire, SC England, UK. Pignon, Edouard (1905-93) Painter, born in Marles-les-Mines, N France. Pignotti, Lorenzo (1739-1812) Scholar, born in Figline Valdarno, Tuscany, NC Italy. Pike, Albert (1809-91) Lawyer, journalist, and soldier, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Pike, Kenneth (Lee) (1912-2000) Linguist and anthropologist, born in Woodstock, Connecticut, USA. Pike, Zebulon (Montgomery) (1779-1813) US army officer and explorer, born in Lamberton, New Jersey, USA. Pilate, Pontius (1st-c) Roman prefect of Judea. He was appointed by Tiberius in c.26... Pilbeam, David Roger (1940- ) Physical anthropologist, born in Brighton, East Sussex, SE England... Pilcher, Joshua (1790-1843) Trader and Indian agent, born in Culpeper Co, Virginia, USA. Pile, Sir Frederick Alfred (1884-1976) British soldier. In World War 1 he won the DSO and the MC... Pilger, John (Richard) (1939- ) Journalist and documentary film-maker, born in Sydney... Pilkington, Sir Alastair, (1920-95) Glass manufacturer, born in Newbury, West Berkshire, S England, UK. Pillow, Gideon (Johnson) (1806-78) US soldier, born in Williamson Co, Tennessee, USA. A criminal lawyer... Pillsbury, Charles Alfred (1842-99) Flour miller, born in Warner, New Hampshire, USA. In 1869... Pillsbury, Harry Nelson (1872-1906) Chess player, born in Somerville, Massachusetts, USA. Pillsbury, John E(lliott) (1846-1919) Oceanographer, born in Lowell, Massachusetts, USA. Pillsbury, John Sargent (1828-1901) US governor, born in Sutton, New Hampshire, USA... Pilnyak, Boris, (1894-?1937) Writer, born in Mozhaisk, W Russia. He wrote novels and short stories... Pilon, Germain (1537-90) Sculptor, born in Paris, France. Working in marble and bronze... Pilo, Rosolino (1820-60) Italian patriot, born in Palermo, Sicily, S Italy. Pimentel, Luiz Vázquez Fernández (1895-1958) Galician poet, born in Lugo, NW Spain. Pinazo i Camarlenc, Ignasi (1849-1916) Painter, born in Valencia, E Spain. He was mainly self-taught... Pinchback, Pinckney (Benton Stewart) (1837-1921) US politician and Union army officer, born in Macon, Georgia, USA. Pinchbeck, Christopher (c.1670-1732) Clockmaker and toymaker, from London, UK. Pinchot, Gifford (1865-1946) Forester, conservationist, and public official, born in Simsbury... Pinckney, Charles (1758-1824) US governor, senator, and diplomat, born in Charleston... Pinckney, Charles (Cotesworth) (1746-1825) US statesman, born in Charleston, South Carolina, USA. Pinckney, Elizabeth Lucas (c.1722-93) Colonial planter, probably born in Antigua. Pinckney, Thomas (1750-1828) US diplomat and soldier, born in Charleston, South Carolina, USA... Pincus, Gregory (Goodwin), (1903-67) Endocrinologist, born in Woodbine, New Jersey, USA. Pindar (518-438 BC) The chief lyric poet of Greece, born near Thebes. Pindemonte, Ippolito (1753-1828) Poet, born in Verona, Veneto, N Italy. Pindling, Sir Lynden O(scar) (1930-2000) Bahamian prime minister (1973-92), born in the Bahamas. Pineda, Andreu Martí (c. 1483-1566) Religious poet and love poet writing in Catalan... Pine, Robert (Edge) (c.1742-88) Painter, born in London, UK. He emigrated to the USA (1784)... Pinero, Sir Arthur (Wing) (1855-1934) Playwright, born in London, UK. He studied law... Pingree, Hazen (Stuart) (1840-1901) Businessman, mayor, and governor, born in Denmark, Maine, USA. Pinkerton, Allan (1819-84) Detective and Union secret service chief, born in Glasgow, W Scotland... Pinkett Smith, Jada 1971- Actress. Born Jada Pinkett, on September 18, 1971, in Baltimore... Pinkham, Lydia (Estes) (1819-83) Manufacturer, born in Lynn, Massachusetts, USA. Pinkney, William (1764-1822) Lawyer, diplomat, US representative and senator, born in Annapolis... Pinochet (Ugarte), Augusto (1915- ) Chilean dictator (1973-90), born in Valparaíso, C Chile. Pinsent, Matthew (Clive) (1970- ) Rower, born in Dorset, S England, UK. He studied at Eton and Oxford... Pinter, Harold (1930- ) Playwright and director, born in London, UK. Pinto, Isaac (1720-91) Merchant, scholar, and patriot, birthplace unknown. A Sephardic Jew... Pinto, Isaac de (1717-87) Dutch businessman and banker of Portuguese-Jewish extraction... Pinturicchio (1454-1513) Painter, born in Perugia, C Italy. As assistant to Perugino... Pinza, Ezio, (1892-1957) Bass singer, born in Rome, Italy. Pinzón, Vicente Yáñez (c.1460-c.1524) Discoverer of Brazil, born in Palos, SW Spain

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15 Piombo, Sebastiano del (1485-1547) Painter, born in Venice, NE Italy. Piontek, Heinz (1925- ) Writer, born in Kreuzberg, Silesia. Piovene, Guido (1907-74) Writer, born in Vicenza, Veneto, NE Italy. A journalist... Piozzi, Hester Lynch (1741-1821) Writer, born near Pwllheli, Gwynedd, NW Wales, UK. Piper, Charles V(ancouver) (1867-1926) Agronomist, born in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Piper, John (1903-92) Artist, born in Epsom, Surrey, SE England, UK. Piper, Leonora E (1857-1950) US medium, discovered in 1885 by William James. Piper, Otto (Alfred) (1891-1982) Theologian, born in Lichte, EC Germany. A student in Jena, Marburg... Piper, William (Thomas) (1881-1970) Aircraft manufacturer, born in Knapps Creek, New York, USA. Pippin, Horace (1888-1946) Painter, born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, USA. Piquer, Concha (1908-90) Singer and actress, born in Spain. Piquet, Nelson (1952- ) Motor-racing driver, born in Rio de Janeiro, SE Brazil. Pirandello, Luigi (1867-1936) Playwright, novelist, and short-story writer, born in Girgenti... Piranesi, Giambattista (1720-78) Architect and copper-engraver of Roman antiquities, born in Mestre... Pire, Dominique (Georges) (1910-69) Dominican priest, born in Dinant, S Belgium. Pirenne, Henri (1862-1935) Historian of Belgium and mediaeval Europe, born in Verviers... Pirie, (Douglas Alastair) Gordon (1931-91) Athlete, born in Leeds, West Yorkshire, N England, UK. Pirie, Norman Wingate (1907-97) British biochemist. He studied at Cambridge... Piron, Alexis (1689-1773) Playwright, born in Dijon, E France... Pirsig, Robert 1928- Writer. Born September 1, 1928, in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Pirsig... Pirsson, Louis V(alentine) (1860-1919) Geologist, born in New York City, New York, USA. Pisacane, Carlo (1818-57) Italian patriot and writer, born in Naples, Campania, SW Italy. Pisanello, Antonio (c.1395-1455) Court painter, born in Pisa, W Italy. Pisano, Andrea (c.1270-1349) Sculptor, born in Pontedera, W Italy. Pisano, Giovanni (c.1250-c.1320) Sculptor and architect, born in Pisa, W Italy... Pisano, Nicola (c.1225-78 /84) Sculptor, architect, and engineer, probably born in Apulia, SE Italy. Piscator, Erwin (1893-1966) Theatre director, born in Ulm, SW Germany. Pisistratus (c.600-527 BC) Tyrant of Athens (561-c.556 BC, 546-527 BC). Pissarro, Camille 1830-1903 Painter. Born July 10, 1830 in St. Thomas, Virgin Islands. His father... Pissarro, Lucien (1863-1944) Painter, designer, wood-engraver, and printer... Piston, Walter (Hamor) (1894-1976) Composer, born in Rockland, Maine, USA. Pilsudski, Józef (Klemens) (1867-1935) Polish marshal, statesman, and first president (1918-22)... Pitcairn, Robert (c.1745-1770) British sailor. Pitchlynn, Peter, (1806-81) Chocktaw leader, born in Hushookwa, Mississippi, USA. Pitman, Benjamin (1822-1910) Educationist and pioneer of shorthand in the USA, born in Trowbridge... Pitman, Sir Isaac (1813-97) Educationist, and inventor of a shorthand system, born in Trowbridge... Pitney, Gene (1941- ) Singer and songwriter, born in Hartford, Connecticut, USA. Pitney, Mahlon (1858-1924) Judge, born in Morristown, New Jersey, USA. Pitot, Henri (1695-1771) Hydraulic and civil engineer, born in Aramon, SE France. Pittacus of Mytilene (650-570 BC) Statesman from ancient Greece, one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece. Pitt, Brad 1963- Actor. Born December 18, 1963, in Shawnee, Oklahoma. Pitter, Ruth (1897-1992) Poet, born in Ilford, E Greater London, UK. Pittman, Key (1872-1940) US senator, born in Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA. Pitt-Rivers, Augustus (Henry Lane-Fox) (1827-1900) British soldier and archaeologist, born at Hope Hall, Yorkshire... Pitt, Thomas (1653-1726) Merchant, born in Blandford St Mary, Dorset, S England, UK. Pitt, William, (1759-1806) British statesman and prime minister (1783-1801, 1804-6)... Pitt, William, 1st Earl of Chatham, (1708-78) Statesman and orator, born in London, UK. He studied at Oxford... Pius II, (1405-64) Pope, born in Corsignano, C Italy. Pius IV, (1499-1565) Pope (1559-65), born in Milan, N Italy. Pius IX, (1792-1878) Pope (1846-78), born in Senigallia, E Italy.

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16 Pius VI, (1717-99) Pope (1775-99), born in Cesena, E Italy. He became a cardinal in 1773. Pius VII, (1742-1823) Pope (1800-23), born in Cesena, E Italy. He became a cardinal in 1785. Pius V, St, (1504-72) Pope (1566-72), born near Alessandria, N Italy. Pius XI, (1857-1939) Pope (1922-39), born in Desio, N Italy. A great linguist and scholar... Pius XII, (1876-1958) Pope (1939-58), born in Rome, Italy. Ordained in 1899... Pius X, St, (1835-1914) Pope (1903-14), born in Riese, Sicily, S Italy. Ordained in 1858... Pivot, Bernard (1935- ) Television broadcaster and presenter, born in Lyon, SC France. Pi y Margall, Francisco (1824-1901) Historian, essayist, and president of the First Republic (1873-4)... Pizarro, Francisco (c.1478-1541) Conquistador, born in Trujillo, WC Spain. He served in Italy... Pizarro, Gonzalo (c.1506-48) Spanish conquistador, born in Trujillo, WC Spain... Pizzetti, Ildebrando (1880-1968) Composer, born in Parma, N Italy. He studied at Parma Conservatory... Plaatje, Sol(omon Tshekisho) (1879-1932) Writer and South African political figure, born in Boshof... Placzek, Adolph K(urt) (1913- ) Architectural librarian and historian, born in Vienna, Austria. Planchon, Roger (1931- ) Theatre director, playwright, and actor, born in the Ardèche... Planck, Max (Karl Ernst Ludwig) (1858-1947) Theoretical physicist, born in Kiel, N Germany. Plank, Charles J (1915-89) Chemist and inventor, born in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), E India. Planté, Gaston (1834-89) Physicist, born in Orthy, SW France. Plantin, Christophe (c.1520-89) Printer, and publisher of the Antwerp Polyglot Bible... Plantinga, Alvin (1932- ) Philosopher of religion, born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Plaskett, John Stanley (1865-1941) Astronomer, born in Woodstock, Ontario, SE Canada. Plaskow, Judith (1946- ) Writer and educator, born in New York City, New York, USA. Plas, Michel van der (1927- ) Poet and novelist, born in The Hague, W Netherlands. Plateau, Joseph Antoine Ferdinand (1801-83) Physicist, born in Brussels, Belgium. Plater, Alan (Frederick) (1935- ) Playwright, born in Jarrow-on-Tyne, Tyne and Wear, NE England, UK. Plath, Sylvia 1932-1963 Writer. Born October 27, 1932, in Boston, Massachusetts. Platini, Michel (1955- ) Footballer, coach, and administrator, born in Joeuf... Plato c. 427 BC-347 Philosopher. According to sources, Plato was born on or around May 21... Platt, Charles A (1861-1933) Landscape architect, born in New York City, New York, USA. A painter... Platt, David (Andrew) (1966- ) Footballer, born in Chadderton, Greater Manchester, NW England, UK. Platt, Robert (Swanton) (1891-1964) Geographer, born in Columbus, Ohio, USA. Platt, Thomas Collier (1833-1910) Political boss, US representative, and senator, born in Owego... Plautus, Titus Maccius (c.250-184 BC) Comic playwright, born in Sarsina, Italy. He worked in the theatre... Player, Gary (Jim) (1935- ) Golfer, born in Johannesburg, NE South Africa. Playfair, John (1748-1819) Mathematician and geologist, born in Benvie, Dundee, E Scotland, UK. Playfair, William Henry (1789-1857) Architect, born in London, UK, the nephew of John Playfair. Playford, Sir Thomas (1896-1981) Australian politician, born at Norton Summit, South Australia. Pleasence, Sir Donald (1919-95) Actor, born in Worksop, Nottinghamshire, C England, UK. Pleij, Herman (1943- ) Writer and professor of historic Dutch literature, born in Hilversum... Plekhanov, Georgiy Valentinovich (1856-1918) Marxist philosopher, historian, and journalist... Plenzdorf, Ulrich (1934- ) Writer, born in Berlin, Germany. Plessner, Helmuth (1892-1985) Philosopher and social theorist, born in Wiesbaden, WC Germany. Pleydell-Bouverie, Katherine (1895-1985) British potter. She studied at the Central School of Arts and Crafts... Plievier, Theodor (1892-1955) Writer, born in Berlin, Germany. Plimpton, George Arthur (1855-1936) Publisher and book collector, born in Walpole, Massachusetts, USA. Plimsoll, Samuel (1824-98) Social reformer, known as ‘the sailors' friend’... Pliny (the Elder), (23-79) Roman scholar, born in Novum Comum (now Como), Gaul. Pliny (the Younger), (c.62-c.114) Roman writer and administrator, born in Novum Comum (now Como), Gaul... Plisetskaya, Maya (Mikhaylovna) (1925- ) Ballerina, born in Moscow, Russia. The niece of Asaf Messerer... Plomer, William (Charles Franklyn) (1903-73) Writer, born in Pietersburg, N South Africa. He studied at Rugby... Plomp, Hans (1944- ) Novelist, born in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

17 Plotinus (c.205-70) The first systematic philosopher of the Neoplatonic school... Plowden, Bridget Hortia, Lady, (1907-2000) British educationist. She was educated at Downe House... Plowright, Joan (1929- ) Actress, born in Brigg, Lincolnshire, EC England, UK. Plücker, Julius (1801-68) Mathematician and physicist, born in Elberfeld, W Germany. Plumer, Herbert Charles Onslow (1857-1932) British soldier and colonial administrator. Plumer, William (1759-1850) US senator and governor, born in Newburyport, Massachusetts, USA. Plume, Thomas (1630-1704) Theologian, born in Maldon, Essex, SE England, UK. Plummer, Henry (1837-64) Bandit, place of birth unknown. Nothing is known of his early years. Plunkett, Roy J (1910-94) Chemist and inventor, born in New Carlisle, Ohio, USA. In 1938... Plutarch (c.46-c.120) Historian, biographer, and philosopher, born in Chaeronea, Boeotia... Pocahontas (1595-1617) American-Indian princess, born near Jamestown, Virginia, USA... Podgorny, Nikolay Viktorovich (1903-83) Soviet statesman, party official... Podlaski, Ron(ald Paul) (1946- ) Veteran and social activist, born in New York City, New York, USA. Poe, Edgar Allan 1809-1849 Edgar Allan Poe was best known to his own generation as an editor and... Poelzig, Hans (1869-1936) Expressionist architect, born in Berlin, Germany. Poggio (Bracciolini), Giovanni Francesco (1380-1459) Florentine humanist, born in Terranuova, NC Italy. Pohl, Frederik, (1919- ) Writer and editor, born in New York City, New York, USA. Poincaré, (Jules) Henri (1854-1912) Mathematician, born in Nancy, NE France... Poincaré, Raymond (Nicolas Landry) (1860-1934) French statesman, prime minister (1912-13, 1922-4, 1926-9)... Poindexter, John (Marlan) (1936- ) US naval officer and statesman, born in Washington, Indiana, USA. Poindexter, Miles (1868-1946) US representative and senator, born in Memphis, Tennessee, USA. Poinsett, Joel Roberts (1779-1851) US cabinet member and diplomat, born in Charleston, South Carolina... Poiret, Paul (1879-1944) Fashion designer, born in Paris, France. The son of a cloth merchant... Poirier, Richard (1925- ) Literary critic, educator, and writer, born in Gloucester... Poisson, Siméon Denis (1781-1840) Mathematician, born in Pithiviers, C France. He studied medicine... Poitier, Sidney 1924- Movie actor. Born on February 20, 1924, in Miami, Florida. Poivre d'Arvor, Patrick (1947- ) Journalist, film critic, and television presenter, born in Reims... Polak, Henri (1868-1943) Dutch politician and trade union leader, born in Amsterdam... Poland, Luke (Potter) (1815-87) US representative and senator, born in Westford, Vermont, USA. Polanski, Roman 1933- Director, actor. Born Raimund Polanski, on August 18, 1933, in Paris... Polanyi, Michael (1891-1976) Physical chemist and social philosopher, born in Budapest, Hungary. Polding, John Bede (1794-1877) First Roman Catholic bishop of Australia, born in Liverpool... Polenz, Wilhelm von (1861-1903) Writer, born in Schloß Obercunewalde, Oberlausitz, Berlin... Pole, Reginald, Cardinal (1500-58) Roman Catholic archbishop, born at Stourton Castle, Staffordshire... Polet, Sybren (1924- ) Novelist and poet, born in Kampen, NC Netherlands. Polglase, Van Nest (1898-1968) Film set director, born in New York City, New York, USA. Poliakoff, Stephen (1952- ) Playwright and film director, born in London, UK. Polignac, Auguste Jules Armand Marie, prince de (1780-1847) French statesman, born in Versailles, NC France. Politian or Poliziano (1454-94) Humanist, scholar, and poet, born in Montepulciano, C Italy. Polk, George (1913-48) Journalist, born in Fort Worth, Texas, USA. Polkinghorne, John (1930- ) Physicist and clergyman, born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset... Polk, James K(nox) (1795-1849) US statesman and 11th president (1845-9), born in Mecklenburg Co... Polk, Leonidas (1806-64) US soldier and bishop, born in Raleigh, North Carolina, USA... Polk, Sarah, (1803-91) US first lady (1845-9), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA. Pollack, Ben (1903-71) Musician, born in Chicago, Illinois, USA. He was a drummer... Pollack, Sydney (1934- ) Film director and producer, born in South Bend, Indiana, USA. Pollaiuolo, Antonio (c.1432-98) Goldsmith, medallist, metal-caster, and painter, born in Florence... Pollard, Albert Frederick (1869-1948) Historian, born in Ryde, Isle of Wight, S England, UK. Pollard, Alfred William (1859-1944) Scholar and bibliographer, born in London, UK. He studied at Oxford... Pollard, Fritz, (1894-1986) Player of American football, born in Chicago, Illinois, USA.

18 Pollio, Gaius Asinius (76 BC-AD 4) Roman orator, poet, and soldier. Pollitt, Harry (1890-1960) Communist politician, born in Droylesden, Lancashire, NW England, UK. Pollock, (Paul) Jackson (1912-56) Painter, born in Cody, Wyoming, USA. Polnareff, Michel (1944- ) Singer and composer, born in Nérac, SW France... Polo, Gaspar Gil (c.1519-85) Writer, born in Valencia, E Spain. Polo, Marco (1254-1324) Merchant and traveller, born in Venice, NE Italy. Pol Pot 1928-1998 Cambodian politician and prime minister (1975-79). Born Saloth Sar... Polunin, Slava (1950- ) Mime artist and clown, born in Orel, W Russia. Polya, George (1887-1985) Mathematician, born in Budapest, Hungary. A noted teacher... Polybius (c.200-c.120 BC) Greek politician, diplomat, and historian... Polycarp, St (c.69-c.155) Greek bishop of Smyrna who bridges the little-known period between... Polyclitus or Polycleitos (5th-c BC) Greek sculptor from Samos, Greece, a contemporary of Phidias... Polycrates (6th-c BC) Tyrant of Samos (540-522 BC). One of the earliest of Greek tyrants... Polygnotos or Polygnotus (5th-c BC) Greek painter, born on the I of Thasos, Greece. Pombal, Sebastião (José) de Carvalho (e Mello), marquês de (Marquess of) (1699-1782) Portuguese statesman and chief minister (1756-77), born near Coimbra... Pomeroy, Brick, (1833-96) Newspaper editor, publisher, and propagandist, born in Elmira... Pompadour, Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, marquise de (Marchioness of) (1721-64) Mistress of Louis XV, born in Paris, France. Pompey (106-48 BC) Roman politician and general of the late Republic... Pompidou, Georges (Jean Raymond) (1911-74) French statesman, prime minister (1962, 1962-6, 1966-7, 1967-8)... Ponce, Bartolomé (d.c.1595) Cistercian monk and religious novelist, born in Aragón, EC Spain... Ponce de León, Basilio (1560-1629) Theologian, preacher, and poet, born in Granada, S Spain. Ponce de León, Juan (1460-1521) Explorer, born in San Servas, Spain. A page at the Aragonese court... Pondal Abente, Eduardo (1835-1917) Galician poet, born in Ponteceso, La Coruña, NW Spain... Ponge, Francis (1899-1988) Poet, born in Montpellier, S France. Poniatoff, Alexander (1892-1980) US electronics engineer and inventor. Born in Russia... Ponselle, Rosa (1897-1981) Soprano, born in Meridan, Connecticut, USA. Pons, Lily (Alice Joséphine) (1898-1976) Soprano, born in Draguignan, SE France. A dramatic coloratura... Ponson du Terrail, Pierre Alexis, vicomte (Viscount) (1829-71) Novelist, born in Montmaur, France. He claimed descent from Bayard... Pons, Sito (1960- ) Racing motorcyclist, born in Barcelona, NE Spain. Pontecorvo, Gilberto (1919- ) Film-maker, born in Pisa, W Italy. He became a journalist in Paris... Pontecorvo, Guido (1907-99) Geneticist, born in Pisa, W Italy. Pontiac (c.1720-69) Ottawa chief, born in present-day Ohio, USA. Ponti, Gio (1891-1979) Architect and designer, born in Milan, N Italy. Pontormo, Jacopo da (1494-1557) Painter, born in Pontormo, NC Italy. Pontryagin, Lev Semyonovich (1908-88) Mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia. Ponzi, Charles (1877-1949) Swindler, born in Italy. He went to the USA in 1899... Poole, William Frederick (1821-94) Librarian and historian, born in Salem, Massachusetts, USA. Poor, Henry Varnum (1821-1905) Economist, born in East Andover, Maine, USA. Poor, Henry Varnum (1888-1971) Ceramicist, born in Chapman, Kansas, USA. Poot, Hubert Kornelisz. (1689-1733) Poet, born in Abtswoude, The Netherlands. The son of a farmer... Popé (?-1690) Tewa Pueblo medicine man and revolutionary leader... Pope, Albert A(ugustus) (1843-1909) Manufacturer, born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Pope, Alexander (1688-1744) Poet, born in London, UK... Pope-Hennessy, Sir John (1913- ) Art historian, born in London, UK. He studied at Oxford... Pope, John (1822-92) US soldier, born in Louisville, Kentucky, USA. Pope, John Russell (1874-1937) Architect, born in New York City, New York, USA. Pope, Sir William Jackson (1870-1939) Chemist, born in London, UK. Popham, George (?-1608) Colonist, born in England, UK. A sea captain... Popielusko, Jerzy (1947-84) Priest, born in Okopy, Poland. Popitz, Johannes (1884-1945) German politician and lawyer, born in Leipzig, EC Germany

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19 Pople, John A (1925-2004 ) Chemist, born in Burnham-on-Sea, Somerset. Popov, Alexander Stepanovich (1859-1905) Physicist, born in Turinskiye Rudniki, W Russia. Popova, Liubov Sergeyevna (1889-1924) Painter and stage designer, born near Moscow. Poppaea Sabina (?-65) Roman society beauty and voluptuary who before her marriage to the... Popper, Sir Karl (Raimund) (1902-94) Philosopher, born in Vienna, Austria. He studied at Vienna University... Popp, Lucia (1939-93) Austrian lyric soprano, born in the Czech Republic. Porphyry (c.233-304) Neoplatonist philosopher, born in Tyre or Batanea. Porritt, Jonathon (Espie) (1950- ) Green politician and environmentalist, born in London. Porro Lambertenghi, Luigi (1780-1860) Italian patriot, born in Como, Lombardy, NW Italy. A liberal... Porsche, Ferdinand 1875-1951 Automobile designer and manufacturer. Born September 3, 1875... Porsche, Ferdinand (Anton Ernst) 1909-1998 Car designer. Born September 19, 1909, in Wiener Neustadt... Porsenna, Lars (6th-c BC) Etruscan ruler of Clusium. Porta, Carlo (1775-1821) Poet, born in Milan, Lombardy, N Italy. Portal (of Hungerford), Charles Frederick Algernon Portal, 1st Viscount (1893-1971) Chief of British air staff during World War 2, born in Hungerford... Porter, A(rthur) Kingsley (1883-1933) Architectural historian, born in Stamford, Connecticut, USA. Porter, Cole 1892-1964 Composer, lyricist. Born in Peru, Indiana. Porter, David Dixon (1813-91) US naval officer, born in Chester, Pennsylvania, USA. Porter, Edwin S(tanton) (1869-1941) Film director, born in Connellsville, Pennsylvania, USA. Porter, Eleanor, (1868-1920) Novelist, born in Littleton, New Hampshire, USA. Porter, Eliot (Furness) (1901-90) Photographer, born in Winnetka, Illinois, USA. Porter, Eric (Richard) (1928-95) Actor, born in London, UK. Porter, Fitz-John (1822-1901) US soldier, born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA. Porter, Gene(eva Grace) Stratton (?1863-1924) Writer, photographer, and illustrator, born in Wabash Co, Indiana... Porter, Hugh (William) (1940- ) Cyclist, born in Wolverhampton, West Midlands, C England, UK. Porter, Jane (1776-1850) Novelist, born in Durham, Co Durham, NE England, UK. Porter, John Luke (1813-93) Naval architect, born in Portsmouth, Virginia, USA. Porter, Katherine Anne 1890-1980 Writer. Born May 15, 1890, in Indian Creek, Texas. Porter, Keith R(oberts) (1912- ) Cell biologist, born in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada. Porter, Michael (c.1947- ) Management theorist, born in Ann Arbor, Michigan , USA. Porter, Noah (1811-92) Clergyman and college president, born in Farmington, Connecticut, USA. Porter, (of Luddenham), Sir George Porter, Baron (1920-2002) Physical chemist, born in Stainforth, North Yorkshire, N England, UK. Porter, Peter (Neville Frederick) (1929- ) Poet, born in Brisbane, Queensland, NE Australia. Porter, Rodney Robert (1917-85) Biochemist, born in Liverpool, Merseyside, NW England, UK. Porter, Rufus (1792-1884) Inventor and editor, born in Boxford, Massachusetts, USA. Porter, Russell Williams (1871-1949) Explorer, astronomer, and telescope maker, born in Springfield... Porter, Sylvia (Field), (1913-91) Journalist, born in Patchogue, New York, USA. Porter, William Sydney (O. Henry, Oliver Henry, S. H. Peters, pen names) 1862-1910 Writer. Born William Sydney Porter, on September 11, 1862... Portillo, Michael (Denzil Xavier) (1953- ) British Conservative statesman. He studied at Cambridge... Portman, Natalie 1981- Actress, model. Born on June 9, 1981 in Jerusalem, Israel. Porto-Riche, Georges de (1849-1930) Playwright, born in Bordeaux, SW France. He began with poetry... Posey, Parker 1968- Actress. Born November 8, 1968, in Baltimore, Maryland. Posidonius or Poseidonius (c.135-c.51 BC) Greek Stoic philosopher, scientist, and polymath, born in Apamea... Posner, Richard A(llen) (1939- ) Judge and legal scholar, born in New York City, New York, USA. Post, Charles William (1854-1914) Cereal manufacturer, born in Springfield, Illinois, USA. Post, Elisabeth Maria (1755-1812) Writer, born in Utrecht, W Netherlands. Post, Emil Leon (1897-1954) Mathematician and logician, born in Augustow, Poland. Post, Emily, (1872-1960) Authority on etiquette, born in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Post, George B(rowne) (1837-1913) Architect, born in New York City, New York, USA. Post, Richard F(reeman) (1918- ) Physicist, born in Pomona, California, USA. Post, Wiley (1900-35) Pioneer aviator, born in Grand Saline, Texas, USA

20 Potemkin, Grigoriy Alexandrovich (1739-91) Russian field marshal, born near Smolensk, W Russia. Potgieter, Everhardus Johannes (1818-75) Writer, and literary critic, born in Zwolle, NC Netherlands. Potgieter, Gerhardus Cornelius (1937- ) Athlete, born in Pietermaritzburg, E South Africa. Potofsky, Jacob (Samuel) (1894-1979) Labour leader, born in Radomisl, Ukraine. Potter, David M(orris) (1910-71) Historian, born in Augusta, Georgia, USA. Educated at Emory (1932 AB)... Potter, Dennis (Christopher George) (1935-94) Playwright, born in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, SWC England... Potter, Dirc (c.1370-1428) Poet and writer, born in The Netherlands. Potter, Edward T(uckerman) (1831-1904) Architect, born in Schenectady, New York, USA... Potter, (Helen) Beatrix (1866-1943) Writer and illustrator of books for children, born in London, UK. Potter, Paul (1625-54) Painter and etcher, born in Enkhuizen, The Netherlands. Potter, Philip (1921- ) Ecumenical leader, born in Roseau, Dominica. After studying law... Potter, Stephen (Meredith) (1900-69) British writer and radio producer. He joined the BBC in 1938... Potter, William A(ppleton) (1842-1909) Architect, born in Schenectady, New York, USA... Pott, Percivall (1714-88) Surgeon, born in London, UK. Poujade, Pierre (1920- ) Political leader, born in St Céré, SC France. Poulenc, Francis (1899-1963) Composer, born in Paris, France. He became a member of Les Six... Poulsen, Valdemar (1869-1942) Electrical engineer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark. Pound, (Alfred) Dudley Pickman Rogers (1877-1943) British naval commander. He became captain in 1914... Pound, Ezra (Weston Loomis) (1885-1972) Poet and writer, born in Hailey, Idaho, USA. Pound, Louise (1872-1958) Linguist, folklorist, and athlete, born in Lincoln, Nebraska, USA. Pound, Robert V(ivian) (1919- ) Physicist, born in Ridgeway, Ontario, Canada. Pound, Roscoe (1870-1964) Legal scholar and botanist, born in Lincoln, Nebraska, USA. Pounds, John (1766-1839) Shoemaker, born in Portsmouth, Hampshire, S England, UK. Pous i Pagès, Josep (1873-1953) Catalan novelist and playwright, born in Figueras, Girona, NE Spain. Poussaint, Alvin (Francis) (1935- ) Psychiatrist, born in East Harlem, New York, USA. Poussin, Nicolas (1594-1665) Painter, born near Les Andelys, NW France. He went to Rome in 1624... Powderly, Terence (Vincent) (1849-1924) Labour leader and public official, born in Carbondale, Pennsylvania... Powdermaker, Hortense (1896-1970) Cultural anthropologist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr (1908-72) US representative and minister, born in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. Powell, Adam Clayton, Sr (1865-1953) Protestant clergyman, born in Franklin Co, Virginia, USA. Powell, Anthony (Dymoke) (1905-2000) Novelist, born in London, UK. He studied at Oxford... Powell, Bud, (1924-66) Jazz pianist, born in New York City, USA. Playing from the age of six... Powell, Cecil (Frank) (1903-69) Physicist, born in Tonbridge, Kent, SE England, UK. Powell, Colin (Luther) 1937- Secretary of State Colin Luther Powell served as national security... Powell, Dick 1904-1963 Actor, singer, director, producer. Born Richard Powell... Powell, (John) Enoch (1912-98) British statesman, born in Birmingham, West Midlands, C England, UK. Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902) Geologist and geographer, born in Mount Morris, New York, USA. Powell, Lawrence Clark (1906-2001) Librarian, writer, and critic, born in Washington... Powell, Lewis (Franklin), Jr (1907- 98) Judge, born in Suffolk, Virginia, USA. Powell, Michael (1905-90) Film director, scriptwriter, and producer, born in Bekesbourne, Kent... Powell, Robert (1944- ) Actor, born in Salford, Lancashire, NW England, UK. Power, Effie Louise (1873-1969) Children's librarian and writer, born in Conneautville, Pennsylvania... Powers, Hiram (1805-73) Sculptor, born in Woodstock, Vermont, USA. Powers, J(ames) F(arl) (1917- ) Writer, born in Jacksonville, Illinois, USA. Powers, John R(obert) (1893-1977) Model agency director, birthplace unknown. Power, Tyrone 1914-1958 Actor. Born May 5, 1913, in Cincinnati, Ohio. Powhatan (?1550-1618) Pamunkey Powhatan chief, born near present-day Richmond, Virginia... Powys, John Cowper (1872-1963) Writer and critic, born in Shirley, Derbyshire, C England, UK... Powys, Llewelyn (1884-1939) Essayist and novelist, born in Dorchester, Dorset, S England, UK... Powys, T(heodore) F(rancis) (1875-1953) Novelist and short-story writer, born in Dorchester, Dorset...

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21 Poynings, Sir Edward (1459-1521) English soldier and diplomat, probably born in London, UK. Poynter, Sir Edward John (1836-1919) Painter, born in Paris, France. He studied at Westminster and Ipswich... Pradon, Jacques (1632-98) Playwright, born in Rouen, NW France. Praetorius, Michael (1571-1621) Composer, born in Creuzburg, C Germany. He studied in Torgau... Praga, Emilio (1839-75) Writer and painter, born in Gorla, Lombardy, Italy. Praga, Marco (1862-1929) Playwright, born in Milan, Lombardy, N Italy... Pramoedya, Ananta Toer (1925- ) Novelist, born in Blora, Java, Indonesia. Prandtl, Ludwig (1875-1953) Physicist, and pioneer of the science of aerodynamics... Prasad, Rajendra (1884-1963) Indian statesman and first president (1950-62), born in Zeradei... Pratchett, Terry (1948- ) Writer, born in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, SC England, UK. Prati, Giovanni (1814-84) Poet, born in Campomaggiore, Trentino, N Italy. Pratolini, Vasco (1913-91) Writer, born in Florence, Tuscany, NC Italy. Pratt, Benjamin (1710-63) Judge, born in Cohasset, Massachusetts, USA. The son of poor parents... Pratt, Charles (1830-91) Oil merchant and philanthropist, born in Watertown, Massachusetts... Pratt, Enoch (1808-96) Iron merchant, capitalist, and philanthropist... Pratt, Francis Asbury (1827-1902) Inventor, born in Woodstock, Vermont, USA. He was an apprentice... Pratt, Henry (Conger) (1882-1966) Aviator, born in Fort Stanton, New Mexico, USA. Pratt, Matthew (1734-1805) Painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Praxiteles (4th-c BC) Sculptor from Athens... Praz, Mario (1896-1982) Literary critic and writer, born in Rome, Latium, Italy. Preble, Edward (1761-1807) US naval officer, born in Falmouth (now Portland), Maine, USA. Preece, Sir William Henry (1834-1913) Electrical engineer, born in Bryn Helen, Gwynedd, NW Wales, UK. Pregl, Fritz (1869-1930) Chemist, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (formerly Laibach, Austria). Prelog, Vladimir (1906-98) Organic chemist, born in Sarajevo... Prelutsky, Jack (1940- ) Writer, born in New York City, New York, USA. Premadasa, Ranasinghe (1924-93) Statesman, prime minister (1978-89)... Preminger, Otto (1906-86) Film director and producer, born in Vienna, Austria. Prendergast, Maurice (Brazil) (1859-1924) Painter, born in St John's, Newfoundland, Canada. Prescott, John (Leslie) (1938- ) British politician, born in Prestatyn, Denbighshire, NC Wales, UK. Prescott, Samuel Cate (1872-1962) Food scientist, born in South Hampton, New Hampshire, USA. Prescott, William H(ickling) (1796-1859) Historian, born in Salem, Massachusetts, USA. Presley, Elvis 1935-1977 Singer, actor. Born Elvis Aaron Presley, on January 8, 1935... Presley, Lisa Marie 1968- Daughter of Elvis Presley, the “King of Rock ‘n’ Roll. Presley, Priscilla (Beaulieu) 1945- Actress. Born in Brooklyn, NY. Presser, Theodore (1848-1925) Music publisher and philanthropist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania... Press, Frank (1924- ) Seismologist and governnment science adviser, born in New York City... Preston, Andrew W(oodbury) (1846-1924) Fruit producer and merchant, born in Beverly, Massachusetts, USA. Preston, Ann (1813-72) Physician, born in Westgrove, Pennsylvania, USA. Preston, Lewis Thompson (1926- ) Banker, born in New York City, New York, USA. Preston, Margaret Rose (1875-1963) Artist and teacher, born in Port Adelaide, South Australia. Preston, William Campbell (1794-1860) US senator, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Prestopino, Gregorio (1907-84) Painter, born in New York City, New York, USA. Based in New York... Pretorius, Andries (Wilhelmus Jacobus) (1799-1853) Afrikaner leader, born in Graaff-Reinet... Pretorius, Marthinus (Wessel) (1819-1901) Afrikaner soldier and statesman... Preuß, Hugo (1860-1925) German politician and lawyer, born in Berlin, Germany. Preußler, Otfried (1923- ) Writer, born in Reichenberg, Germany. Preuss, Arthur (1871-1934) Catholic writer, born in St Louis, Missouri, USA. Prévert, Jacques (1900-77) Poet, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, NC France. Previn, André (George) (1929- ) Conductor and composer, born in Berlin, Germany. Prévost, (Antoine François), l'Abbé (1697-1763) Novelist, born in Hesdin, N France. He spent some years in the army...

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22 Prévost, Eugène Marcel (1862-1941) Novelist, born in Paris, France. A civil engineer... Prey, Hermann (1929-98) Baritone, born in Berlin, Germany. Prezzolini, Giuseppe (1882-1982) Writer, born in Perugia, Umbria, C Italy. Pribram, Karl (1919-73) Neuropsychologist, born in Vienna, Austria. Price, George (Cadle) (1919- ) Politician and prime minister of Belize (1981-4, 1989-93). Price, Gwilym A(lexander) (1895-1985) Corporate executive, born in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, USA. Price, H(enry) H(abberley) (1899-1985) Philosopher, born in Neath, SC Wales, UK. He studied at Oxford... Price, (Mary Violet) Leontyne (1927- ) Soprano, born in Laurel, Mississippi, USA. Price, Nick, (1957- ) Golfer, born in Durban, E South Africa. His family moved to Zimbabwe... Price, Richard (1723-91) Moral philosopher and Unitarian minister, born in Tynton... Price, Sammy, (1908-92) Jazz musician, born in Honey Grove, Texas, USA. Price, Thomas Frederick (1860-1919) Catholic missionary, born in Wilmington, North Carolina, USA. Price, Vincent 1911-1993 Actor, author. Born May 27, 1911, in St Louis, Missouri. Prichard, Katharine Susannah (1884-1969) Writer, born in Levuka, Fiji. She studied in Melbourne... Pride, Charley 1938- Country singer. Born March 18, 1938, in the rural town of Sledge... Pride, Sir Thomas (?-1658) English parliamentarian during the Civil War... Pridham, Edwin S (1881-1963) Electrical engineer, born in Downers Grove, Illinois, USA. Priesand, Sally Jane (1946- ) Rabbi, born in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Priest, James Percy (1900-56) US representative, born in Carters Creek, Tennessee, USA. Priestley, J(ohn) B(oynton) (1894-1984) Writer, born in Bradford, West Yorkshire, N England, UK. Priestley, Joseph (1733-1804) Chemist and clergyman, born in Fieldhead, West Yorkshire, N England... Prigogine, Ilya (1917- ) Physical chemist, born in Moscow, Russia. Primakoff, Henry (1914-83) Physicist, born in Odessa, Russia. He went to the USA in 1923... Primakov, Yevgeny (Maksimovich) (1929- ) Russian statesman and prime minister (1998-9), born in Kiev, Ukraine. Primo de Rivera (y Orbaneja), Miguel (1870-1930) Spanish general, born in Jerez de la Frontera, SW Spain. Primus, Pearl (?1919-94) Modern dancer and choreographer, born in Trinidad... Prina, Giuseppe (1766-1814) Italian politician, born in Novara, Piedmont, N Italy. Prince 1958- Singer, songwriter, musician, actor, producer, director. Prince, Hal, (1928- ) Stage director and producer, born in New York City, USA. Prince Rainier III (Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand de Grimaldi) 1923- Prince of Monaco; born in Monaco on May 31, 1923... Princess Caroline of Monaco 1957- Princess of Monaco. Born Princess Caroline Louise Margueritte... Princess Masako 1963- Crown Princess, born Masako Owada, on December 9, 1963, in Tokyo... Princess Victoria of Sweden 1977- Crown Princess of Sweden, Duchess of Vastergotland... Prince William of Wales 1982- Second in line to the throne of England... Princip, Gavrilo (1894-1918) Nationalist and revolutionary, born in Obljaj, W Bosnia. Pringle, Henry Fowles (1897-1958) Biographer and journalist, born in New York City, New York, USA. Pringle, Joel (Roberts Poinsett) (1873-1932) US naval officer, born in Georgetown Co, South Carolina, USA. Pringle, Mia (Lilly) Kellmer (1920-83) Educational psychologist, born in Vienna, Austria. Printemps, Yvonne (1894-1977) Actress, born in Ermont, NC France. Printz, Johan Bjornsson (1592-1663) Swedish colonial governor, born in Bottnaryd, Sweden. Prinze, Freddie, Jr. 1976- Actor. Born Freddie James Prinze, Jr. on March 8, 1976... Prior, Matthew (1664-1721) Diplomat and poet, born in Wimborne, Dorset, S England, UK. Prior, William Matthew (1806-73) Painter, born in Bath, Maine, USA. An itinerant folk artist... Prip, John (1922- ) Metalsmith, born in New York City, New York, USA. Priscian (6th-c) Latin grammarian, born in Caesarea. Priscillian (c.340-385) Christian bishop, born in Trier, Gaul (modern Germany). Prisco, Michele (1920- ) Writer, born in Torre Annunziata, Campania, SW Italy. Pritchard, James Bennett (1909-97) Archaeologist, born in Louisville, Kentucky, USA. Pritchett, Henry (Smith) (1857-1939) Foundation executive, born in Fayette, Missouri, USA. Pritchett, Sir V(ictor) S(awdon) (1900-97) Writer and critic, born in Ipswich, Suffolk, E England, UK.

23 Pritchett, William Kendrick (1909- ) Classicist, born in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Pritzker, A(bram) N(icholas) (1896-1986) Hotel executive, born in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Pritzker, Jay (Arthur) (1922-99) Entrepreneur and conglomerate organizer, born in Chicago, USA... Proclus (c.412-85) Greek Neoplatonist philosopher, born in Constantinople. Procopius (c.499-565) Byzantine historian, born in Caesarea (now in Israel). He studied law... Procter, Mike, (1946- ) Cricketer, born in Durban, E South Africa. Procter, William C(ooper) (1862-1934) Manufacturer, born in Glendale, Ohio, USA. Proctor, Alexander Phimister (1862-1950) Sculptor, born in Bozanquit, Ontario, Canada. Proctor, Bernard Emerson (1901-59) Biochemist, born in Malden, Massachusetts, USA. Prodi, Romano (1939- ) Italian statesman, prime minister (1996-8)... Professor Longhair, (1918-80) Blues musician, born in Bogalusa, Louisiana, USA. Profumo, John (Dennis) (1915- ) British statesman. He studied at Oxford... Progoff, Ira (1921- ) Psychologist, born in New York City, New York, USA. Prokhorov, Alexander Mikhailovich (1916-2002) Physicist, born in Atherton, Queensland, NE Australia. Prokofiev, Sergey Sergeyevitch (1891-1953) Composer, born in Sontsovka, SE Ukraine. Prokop or Procop(ius) (c.1380-1434) Bohemian Hussite leader, a follower of Žiška... Pronk, Johannes Pieter (1940- ) Dutch politician and economist, born in The Hague, W Netherlands. Prony, Gaspard François Clair Marie Riche, baron de (1755-1839) Civil engineer, born in Chamelet, France. Propertius, Sextus (c.48-c.15 BC) Latin elegiac poet, probably born in Asisium (Assisi), Italy. Proskouriakoff, Tatiana (Avenirovna) (1909-85) Archaeologist and illustrator, born in Tomsk, Russia. Prosser, Gabriel (?1775-1800) Slave insurrectionist, probably born in Henrico Co, Virginia, USA. Prosser, William Lloyd (1898- ?) Legal scholar, born in New Albany, Indiana, USA. A Harvard graduate... Prost, Alain (1955- ) Motor-racing driver and team owner, born in St Chamond, SW France. Protagoras (c.490-421 BC) The earliest self-proclaimed Greek Sophist, born in Abdera, Greece. Proudhon, Pierre Joseph (1809-65) Socialist and political theorist, born in Besançon, NE France. Proulx, E(dna) Annie (1935- ) Novelist, born in Norwich, Connecticut, USA. Proust, Joseph Louis (1754-1826) Chemist, born in Angers, NW France. Proust, Marcel (1871-1922) Novelist, born in Auteuil, NC France, of Jewish descent. Prout, Samuel (1783-1852) Watercolour painter, born in Plymouth, Devon, SW England, UK. Prout, William (1785-1850) Chemist and physiologist, born in Horton, Gloucestershire... Próxita, Próixita or Próxida, Gilabert de (fl.1392-1405) Catalan poet of Neapolitan ancestry (from Procida... Proxmire, (Edward) William (1915- ) US senator, born in Lake Forest, Illinois, USA. Prudden, T(heophil) Mitchell (1849-1924) Pathologist, born in Middlebury, Connecticut, USA. Prudentius (348-c.410) Christian poet, born in Caesaraugusta, Spain. Prudhomme, Paul (1940- ) Chef, born in Opelousas, Louisiana, USA. Prud'hon, Pierre Paul (1758-1823) Painter, born in Cluny, EC France. He studied in Dijon... Pruna i Ocerans, Pere (1904-77) Catalan painter, born in Barcelona, NE Spain. Prusiner, Stanley B (1942- ) Neurologist, born in Des Moines, Iowa, USA. Prynne, William (1600-69) Puritan pamphleteer, born in Swanswick, Somerset, SW England, UK. Pryor, Richard 1940- Comedian, actor, screenwriter, producer. Born December 1... Pryor, Roger Atkinson (1829-1919) US representative, born in Petersburg, Virginia, USA. Prys-Jones, Arthur Glyn (1888-1987) Poet, born in Denbigh, Denbighshire, NC Wales, UK. Przhevalski, Nikolay Mikhailovich (1839-88) Traveller, born near Smolensk, W Russia. Psamtik I (690-610 BC) King of Egypt (664-610 BC) who liberated Egypt from Assyrian control... Ptolemy (fl.127-145) Greek astronomer and geographer... Ptolemy II Philadelphus (308-246 BC) King of Egypt (283-246 BC), the son and successor of Ptolemy I, Soter. Ptolemy I Soter (c.366-c.283 BC) Macedonian general in the army of Alexander the Great... Pucci, Emilio, marchese (Marquess) di Barsento (1914-92) Fashion designer, born in Naples, SW Italy. Puccini, Giacomo (Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria) (1858-1924) Operatic composer, born in Lucca, NW Italy. Pucelle, Jean (c.1300-c.1355) French painter who ran an important workshop in Paris from the 1320s...

24 Puck, Wolfgang 1949- Chef, restaurateur, television personality. Born January 8, 1949... Pudney, John (Sleigh) (1909-77) Writer, born in Langley, Buckinghamshire, SC England, UK. Pudovkin, Vsevoled (Illarianovich) (1893-1953) Film director and writer, born in Penza, W Russia. Puente, (Ernesto Antonio) Tito (1920-2000) Bandleader, percussionist, and composer, born in New York City... Puffendorf, Samuel, Freiherr (Baron) von, (1632-94) Jurist and historian, born in Dorfchemnitz, E Germany. Pugachev, Yemelyan Ivanovich (1726-75) Russian Cossack, pretender to the Russian throne... Puget, Pierre (1620-94) Sculptor, painter, and architect, born in Marseille, S France. Pugh, Clifton Ernest (1924-90) Artist, born in Richmond, Melbourne, Victoria, SE Australia. Pugin, Augustus (Welby Northmore) (1812-52) Architect, born in London, UK. Trained by his father... Puig i Cadafalch, Josep (1869-1956) Architect, politician, and writer, born in Mataró, Catalunya... Pujol, Agustí (1585-1629) Sculptor, born in Spain. He seems to have studied in Italy and later... Pujol, Joan (fl.1573-1603) Catalan minor poet, born in Matapó. Influenced by Ausias March... Pujol, Joseph (1857-1945) Entertainer, born in Marseille, S France. Pulaski, Kazimierz (1748-79) Nobleman and soldier, born in Winiary, EC Poland. Pulci, Luigi (1432-84) Poet, born in Florence, Tuscany, NC Italy. Pulgar, Hernando Pérez del (c.1436-c.95) Annalist to the court, and councillor of state, born in Castile... Pulido Fernández, Angel (1852-1932) Physical anthropologist, born in Madrid, Spain. He studied medicine... Pulitzer, Joseph 1847-1911 Publisher. Born in Mako, Hungary, on April 10, 1847... Puller, Lewis (Burwell), (1898-1971) US marine officer, born in West Point, Virginia, USA. Pullman, George Mortimer (1831-97) Inventor and businessman, born in Brocton, New York, USA. Pullman, Philip (1946- ) Novelist, born in Norwich, Norfolk, E England, UK. Pumpelly, Raphael (1837-1923) Geologist, born in Owego, New York, USA. Pupin, Michael (Idvorsky) (1858-1935) Physicist and inventor, born in Idvor, Hungary (formerly... Purbach or Peuerbach, Georg von (1423-61) Astronomer and mathematician, born in Austria. Purcell, E(dward) M(ills) (1912-97) Physicist, born in Taylorville, Illinois, USA. He studied at Purdue... Purcell, Henry (1659-95) Composer, born in London, UK. He was a Chapel Royal chorister... Purcell, John (Baptist) (1800-83) Catholic prelate, born in Mallow, Ireland. Purchas, Samuel (1577-1626) Compiler of travel books, born in Thaxted, Essex, SE England, UK. Purdy, James (Amos) (1923- ) Writer, born in Ohio, USA. Purkinje, Johannes (Evangelista) (1787-1869) Histologist and physiologist, born in Libochovice, NW Czech Republic. Pursh, Frederick (1774-1820) Botanist and explorer, born in Grossenhain, Saxony. Purvis, Melvin 1903-1960 FBI bureau chief, lawyer. Born Melvin Horace Purvis on October 24... Puryear, Martin (1941- ) Sculptor, born in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Pusey, E(dward) B(ouverie) (1800-82) Theologian, born in Pusey, Oxfordshire, SC England, UK. Pushkin, Alexander Sergeyevich (1799-1837) Poet, born in Moscow, Russia. In 1817 he entered government service... Pushmataha (?1764-1824) Choctaw chief of the Kinsahahi Clan... Puskas, Ferenc (1927- ) Footballer, born in Budapest, Hungary. Putin, Vladimir 1952- President of Russia. Born Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, on October 7... Putnam, Frederic Ward (1839-1915) Archaeologist and ethnographer, born in Salem, Massachusetts, USA. Putnam, George Haven (1844-1930) Publisher and writer, born in London, UK. Putnam, George Palmer (1814-72) Publisher, born in Brunswick, Maine, USA. Putnam, Herbert (1861-1955) Librarian, born in New York City, New York, USA. Putnam, Hilary (1926- ) Philosopher, born in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Putnam, Israel (1718-90) American revolutionary soldier, born in Danvers, Massachusetts, USA. Putnam, Rufus (1738-1824) American revolutionary soldier, born in Sutton, Massachusetts, USA. Puttnam (of Queensgate), David (Terence) Puttnam, Lord (1941- ) Film-maker and educationist, born in London, UK. He left school at 16... Puvis de Chavannes, Pierre (Cécile) (1824-98) Painter, born in Lyon, SC France. Puyi, Pu Yi, or P'u-i (1906-67) Last emperor of China (1908-12) and the first of Manchukuo (1934-5)... Puzo, Mario (1920-99) Writer, born in New York City, New York, USA. Pye, John David (1932- ) Zoologist, born in Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, C England, UK

25 Pyke, Magnus (1908-92) Food scientist and broadcaster, born in London, UK. Pyle, Ernie, (1900-45) Journalist, born near Dana, Indiana, USA. Pyle, Howard (1853-1911) Illustrator and teacher, born in Wilmington, Delaware, USA. Pyles, Thomas (1905-80) Philologist, born in Frederick, Maryland, USA. Pym, Barbara (Mary Crampton) (1913-80) Novelist, born in Oswestry, Shropshire, WC England, UK. Pym, John (1584-1643) English politician, born in Brymore, Somerset, SW England, UK. Pym (of Sandy), Francis (Leslie) Pym, Baron (1922- ) British statesman. He studied at Cambridge... Pynchon, Thomas (Ruggles) (1937- ) Novelist, born in Glen Cove, New York, USA. He studied at Cornell... Pynchon, William (c.1590-1662) Trader and colonist, born in England, UK. Pynson, Richard (?-1530) Printer, born in Normandy, NW France. Pyrrho (c.360-c.270 BC) Philosopher, born in Elis, Greece. Pyrrhus (c.318-272 BC) King of Epirus (modern Albania) (307-303 BC, 297-272 BC)... Pythagoras (6th-c BC) Philosopher and mathematician, born in Samos, Greece. Pytheas (4th-c BC) Mariner, born in Massilia (Marseille), Gaul. He sailed past Spain

 

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